Characterizing Rheumatoid Arthritis With 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 1, 2022
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Updated on 28 January 2021

Summary

68Ga-FAPI has been developed as a tumor-targeting agent as fibroblast activation protein is overexpressed in cancer-associated fibroblasts and some inflammation, such as IgG4-related disease and inflammatory bowel disease. Some researches identified FAP expression in synovial samples taken from both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients.Thus this prospective study is going to investigate whether 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT may be superior for diagnosis, therapy response assessment and follow-up of arthritis than 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Description

Arthritis is a term used to mean any disorder that affects the joints. The two most common forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology and is characterized by chronic inflammation of the joint capsule's synovial membrane. This chronic inflammation ultimately destroys the underlying cartilage and bone. Activated fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) line the synovial membrane and are a prominent cell type responsible for inflammation and joint destruction. Osteoarthritis is characterized by degradation of joint cartilage. Studies demonstrate chondrocytes expressed FAP and that chondrocyte FAP expression was elevated in patients with osteoarthritis. Other researches identified FAP expression in synovial samples taken from both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients. However, FAP expression was greater in samples taken from refractory rheumatoid arthritis patients in comparison to end-stage osteoarthritis patients.68Ga-FAPI has been developed as a tumor-targeting agent as fibroblast activation protein is overexpressed in cancer-associated fibroblasts and some inflammation, such as IgG4-related disease and inflammatory bowel disease. Recently the investigators have published an article of the application of 68Ga-FAPI in IgG4-related disease which showed it was more sensitive than FDG in detecting a certain type of inflammations. Thus this prospective study is going to investigate whether 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT may be superior for diagnosis, therapy response assessment and follow-up of arthritis than 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Details
Condition Arthritis, Arthritis and Arthritic Pain, Arthritis and Arthritic Pain (Pediatric), inflammatory arthritis
Treatment 68Ga-FAPI
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04514614
SponsorPeking Union Medical College Hospital
Last Modified on28 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

suspected or confirmed untreated arthritis patients
F-FDG PET/CT within two weeks
signed written consent

Exclusion Criteria

pregnancy
breastfeeding
known allergy against FAPI
any medical condition that in the opinion of the investigator may significantly interfere with study compliance
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