Daratumumab as a Treatment for Adult Immune Thrombocytopenia (The DART Study)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 16, 2024
  • participants needed
    21
  • sponsor
    Ostfold Hospital Trust
Updated on 16 October 2022
platelet count
corticosteroids
rituximab
steroid therapy
eltrombopag
romiplostim
avatrombopag

Summary

A multicenter clinical, open-label total dose-escalating phase II study with safety run-in to explore the clinical activity, total dosage, and safety of daratumumab in adult ITP patients who have not responded adequately or relapsed after corticosteroids and at least one second-line therapy including rituximab and/or TPO-RA.

Description

Many patients with chronic ITP require repeated or continuous medications to maintain a safe platelet count.

B-cell depletion with rituximab in ITP induces the differentiation of short-lived auto-immune plasma cells into pathogenic long-lived plasma cells in the spleen that was not present before treatment. It has been reported that refractory ITP is related to the presence of long-lived plasma cells, which are resistant to steroids and immunosuppressants, including rituximab.

These findings lead to the hypothesis that therapy directed against plasma cells may help overcome treatment resistance. At least in a proportion of patients, treatment resistance is caused by CD20 negative long-lived plasma cells.

This study aims to investigate the efficacy, the optimal number of treatments, and safety of anti-CD38 antibody daratumumab steroid-refractory or steroid-dependent in ITP patients who fail to respond to at least one previous second-line therapy, including rituximab and/ or TPO agonist.

Details
Condition ITP
Treatment Daratumumab Injection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04703621
SponsorOstfold Hospital Trust
Last Modified on16 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male or female aged ≥18 years
Primary ITP with a platelet count of ≤30x109/L measured within 2 weeks prior to inclusion with failure to achieve response or relapse after corticosteroid therapy, and at least one second-line therapy including rituximab (last infusion ≥ 24 weeks before study inclusion) and/or TPO-RA. The dose of steroids or/and TPO-RAs (romiplostim, eltrombopag and avatrombopag) has not been changed during the last 2 weeks preceding the inclusion. For the safety run-in phase, a platelet count of 15-30x 109/L will be required
Signed and dated written informed consent
Females of child-bearing potential accepting to follow effective contraceptive methods for at least 24 weeks following the administration of first daratumumab injection. A man who has not had a vasectomy and who is sexually active with a woman of childbearing potential must agree to use a barrier method of birth control e.g., a condom with spermicidal foam/film/gel/cream/suppository, and all men must also not donate sperm during the study and for 3 months following discontinuation of Daratumumab

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with active bleeding during the last 7 days prior to inclusion. Active bleeding is defined as any clinically overt hemorrhage (including radiologically diagnosed bleeding) with ongoing hemoglobin fall or bleeding requiring immediate intervention
Pregnancy or lactation
Surgery planned within the 3 next months
Secondary ITP: ITP associated with lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, drug induced or ITP secondary to autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, antiphospholipid syndrome, common variable immune deficiency, human immunodeficiency virus, or hepatitis C
Concomitant autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Known allergy and/or sensitivity or contraindication to daratumumab
Current active malignancy likely to require chemotherapy or surgical treatment during the study period or within one year after the start of the study treatment
Patients with history of poor compliance or history of alcohol/drug abuse or excessive alcohol beverage consumption that would interfere with the ability to comply with the study protocol, or current or past psychiatric disease that might interfere with the ability to comply with the study protocol or give informed consent
Patient unable to attend all the visits planned for the trial
Positive at screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface and core antibodies unrelated to vaccination
patients with positive HBV surface antigen (HbsAg) are not eligible
patients who are HbsAg negative and HBV core antigen antibody positive (HBcAb) will be tested for HBV surface antibody (HBsAb) and HBV DNA. If HBsAb titer is >1000 IU/ml, patients may be enrolled. Monthly HBV DNA monitoring will be required while on treatment and for the 6 months after the last dose of the study drug
patients who are HBcAb positive, HBsAg negative with HBsAb titer <100 IU/ml or negative, are not eligible
Known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a forced expiratory volume in
second (FEV1) <50% of predicted normal. Note that FEV1 testing is required
for participants suspected of having COPD
Known moderate or severe persistent astma within the past 2 years, uncontrolled asthma of any classification
Patient participating in another clinical trial with an investigational drug
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