Investigate eNAMPT in Multiple Myeloma Biology and Establish Its Role in Disease Progression

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 15, 2022
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    University of Turin, Italy
Updated on 29 August 2021
bone marrow procedure

Summary

Based on our previous observations, here the investigator plans to further investigate eNAMPT in MM biology and to establish its role in disease progression where EMT acquisition represents an hallmark of cancers. Results deriving from proposal would hopefully identify novel biological vulnerabilities of such malignancy and an innovative biomarker for disease progression monitoring as well.

Description

Background and preliminary data:

Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by a clonal expansion of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow (BM) with a continuous spread of tumour cells in and out of BM. A continuous interaction between BM stromal cells (BMSCs) and MM cells supports proliferation, survival, migration, and drug resistance of tumor cells. Indeed, BMSCs by both cytokines production and cell-cell interactions, control the ability of MM cells to enter into bloodstream, leading to homing or extravasation of clonal cells into distant tissues, which in turn results in new BM niches formation.

The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a biological phenomenon by which epithelial cells can switch into a mesenchymal phenotype through the disruption of cell-cell adhesion and cellular polarity, remodeling of cytoskeleton and changing cell-matrix adhesion. Overall, these events lead to improved migratory and invasive properties of affected cells. Remarkably, EMT occurs physiologically during normal embryonic development and tissue regeneration but, in cancer cell, it has been associated with tumor aggressiveness features including invasion, metastasis, stemness and drug-resistance. EMT is commonly observed in solid tumors but it has been recently described also in MM. In such a context, studies have shown that BM niches-associated hypoxia produces MM cells egress and dissemination through acquisition of EMT-like features which in turn, by increasing CXCR4 expression, produces extra-medullary disease (EMD) development.

Alterations in cell metabolism have emerged as one of the hallmarks of cancer that could be possibly targeted by novel therapeutic approaches. Among these alterations, biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is emerging as novel therapeutic target in tumours. Nicotinamide phosphorybosyltransferase (NAMPT), the rate-limiting enzyme for NAD+ production from nicotinamide (NAM) in mammalian cells, is frequently up-regulated in cancers, including MM, and its relevance as potential therapeutic target has been widely explored by our group. However, beside its intracellular activity as key metabolic enzyme, NAMPT is also present in the extracellular milieu where it exerts cytokine/adipokine-like actions as eNAMPT. Although mechanisms underlying eNAMPT secretion still remain to be elucidated, it is commonly accepted that there is positive correlation between eNAMPT secretion and intracellular NAMPT levels. Recent evidences show that eNAMPT plasma levels are significantly higher in cancer patients in comparison with healthy donors in several hematologic and solid neoplasms. In this context, eNAMPT was found to exert pro-tumorigenic effects such as promoting cancer cell proliferation and colonies formation, conferring resistance to apoptosis and shaping of tumour microenviroment, by promoting neo-angiogenesis and affecting immune response.

The Investigators recently demonstrated the pivotal role played by eNAMPT in the acquisition of EMT in human breast cancer cells. In detail, NAMPT overexpression promotes acquisition of fibroblast-like morphology of cancer cells by reducing E-cadherin expression in association with N-cadherin, Vimentin and ZEB1 upregulation. Importantly, NAMPT-induced EMT is not associated with NAMPT enzymatic activity and neither with its product levels nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). On the contrary, EMT seems to be mediated by eNAMPT through its ability to activate TGF signaling pathway via increased TGF1 production.

Based on our previous observations, here the investigators plan to further investigate eNAMPT in MM biology and to establish its role in disease progression where EMT acquisition represents an hallmark of cancers. Results deriving from proposal would hopefully identify novel biological vulnerabilities of such malignancy and an innovative biomarker for disease progression monitoring as well.

The investigators have preliminary measured eNAMPT serum levels in PB samples of Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (NDMM) (n= 20) patients and healthy donors (HDs; n=6). Interestingly, eNAPMT levels were found to be significantly higher in tumors than controls, pointing to a relevant role of this cytokine in MM biology. These data provide the rationale for further investigations of eNAMPT role in MM.

Sample collection:

Retrospective samples of MM patients will be derived from two different databases (UNITO and UNIGE) and combined into a new specific database dedicated to this project to cover the different stages of disease that will be analyzed.

UNITO will coordinate and perform the selection of the samples that will be included. UNITO will be able to provide the required number of samples for this study. Ultimately, an independent, representative set of 100 MM patient samples will be selected from previous clinical trials that have been conducted over the past 5 years.

In general, the samples will meet the following parameters:

  • Male and female patients over 18 years of age;
  • PB-derived serum samples collected in different disease phases (MGUS, SMM, NDMM and RRMM MM patients)
  • Sufficient CD138+ cells or RNA from CD138+ cells are available;
  • 2 years median survival data and treatment data is available (progression free and overall survival);
  • Bone marrow sample acquired prior to the initiation of the therapy of interest;
  • Patients have consented for use of their sample for research purposes.

A feasibility assessment and power analysis of the available samples and clinical data will be performed for each of the respective available clinical trials from which the samples will originate. This assessment is performed in order to decide upon, select, and build, a dataset that provides scientifically and statistically sound evidence for treatment effectiveness prediction. The selected treatment regimens (combinations of medication) that will be analyzed cover the complete spectrum of MM treatment classes, including proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs), alkylating agents, HDAC inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. Patient samples will be derived from controlled clinical trials, and will be selected from different treatment groups, containing patients that received the same treatment regimens, based on one of the following drugs or combinations: Bortezomib (proteasome inhibitor), Carfilzomib (proteasome inhibitor), Thalidomide (IMiD), Lenalidomide (IMiD), Pomalidomide (IMiD), Melphalan (alkylating agent), Panabinostat (HDAC inhibitor), and Daratumumab (monoclonal antibody).

Sample size estimations are based on previous experiences of being able to significantly determine survival differences between positive and negative cases for a certain treatment for a sufficiently large group. Given an effect size of at least 3 and an incidence of the subtype of 20%, a group size of 100 cases will be sufficient to significantly determine the predictive value of the subtype. (a smaller effect size and a smaller incidence would likely not be clinically relevant).

Details
Condition Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoproliferative Disorder, Lymphoproliferative disorders, multiple myeloma (mm)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04137523
SponsorUniversity of Turin, Italy
Last Modified on29 August 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male and female patients over 18 years of age
PB-derived serum samples collected in different disease phases (MGUS, SMM, NDMM and RRMM MM patients)
Sufficient CD138+ cells or RNA from CD138+ cells are available
years median survival data and treatment data is available (progression free and overall survival)
Bone marrow sample acquired prior to the initiation of the therapy of interest
Patients have consented for use of their sample for research purposes
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note