Predictive Value of Innovative Prognostic Markers (Gut Microbiota Sarcopenia Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity) on Surgical and Oncologic Results in the Management of Sporadic Colorectal Adenocarcinoma.

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    University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand
Updated on 22 January 2021


Colorectal cancer (CRC), second leading cause of cancer worldwide, is associated with a poor prognosis, especially in patients with advanced disease. Therefore, there is still a need to develop new prognostic tools to replace or supplement those routinely used, with the aim to optimize treatment strategies.

Studies on gut microbiota composition provide new strategies to identify powerful biomarkers. Indeed, beyond its beneficial functions for the host, increasing evidences suggest that gut microbiota is a key factor involved in CRC carcinogenesis. Many clinical studies have described an imbalance in the gut microbiota (dysbiosis) in CRC patients, with the emergence of pathogenic bacterial species, Recent studies reported that pks-positive E. coli, a pathogenic bacterial producing toxin encoded by the pks genomic island, is more frequently detected in CRC patients, suggesting a possible role in tumor development. Therefore, this suggests the potential use of microbial signatures associated with CRC for prognostic assessment. Furthermore, influence of body composition profile (BMI, sarcopenia, metabolic syndrome) also appears to be a new relevant prognostic tool regarding surgical and oncological outcomes following CRC surgery.

The aim of this translational research project is to study the impact of these new prognostic tools on surgical and oncologic results in a prospective cohort of patients who underwent CRC surgery at the Digestive Surgery Department of the University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand (France). This could allow to optimize treatment strategies and provide new ways to identify news promising biomarkers associations in order to better define high risk patients. Investigators aim to identify specific microbial signatures associated with some metabolic profiles in order to improve surgical morbidity and/or response to cancer therapies.


The METABIOTE study will be systematically proposed to patients selected for sporadic CRC surgery during the first preoperative outpatient visit. The attending surgeon will double-check all inclusion and exclusion criteria. An oral and written information will be given to patients, presenting the study.

Then, the following data will be collected propectively:

  • Socio-demographic and medical data (personal and familial medical history, current treatments, comorbidities, allergies, Body Mass Index (BMI), ASA score)
  • Blood tests results, including nutritional, hepatic assessment and exploration of a lipidic abnormality.
  • Body composition profile: Metabolic syndrome screening, BMI, waist circumference, sarcopenia (skeletal muscle index calculation on CT scan).
  • Thoraco-abdomino-pelvic CT scan: sarcopenia, hepatic and splenic density, thanks to a dedicated software (Slice-O-Matic).

Following surgery will be collected :

  • Pathological data (TNM stage, MSI, RAS and BRAF status)
  • Surgical results (30-day postoperative medical and surgical morbidity and 90-day postoperative mortality)
  • Oncologic results (Overall survival, Disease free survival)
  • Metabolic profile evolution: sarcopenia (SMI), BMI and waist circumference after 3, 6, 12 and 36 months, postoperatively.

Intraoperatively, samples of peritumoral mucosa and tumor specimen and rectal stools will be frozen (-80) and moved to the research unit for microbiota analysis. Interest bacteria will be grown on selective gelosis and pathogenic E coli will be identified using PCR as well as other specific bacteria involved in CRC. Moreover, global microbiota modifications will be observed using high-throughput sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene. These data will be associated with body composition profile, clinical data, surgical and oncologic results, and pathological data thanks to a multivariate analysis.

The patients will be monitored according to the Digestive Oncology french recommendations (TNCD).

Condition Metabolic disorder, Colorectal Cancer, Rectal disorder, Prognosis, Sarcopenia, Metabolic syndrome, Metagenome, Colon Cancer Screening, Rectal Disorders, Colon cancer; rectal cancer, Metabolic Disorders, colorectal neoplasm, metabolic syndrome x, microbiota, cancer, colorectal, colorectal tumor, tumors, colorectal
Treatment No intervention
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03843905
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand
Last Modified on22 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

\- Male or female, age > to 18 years
Histologically proven colonic or high rectal adenocarcinoma
Absence of metastasis (CT scan) in exams performed preoperatively
No history of other tumors
Patients for whom the social and psychological status, the general condition are able to be monitored and/or compliant with the requirements of the study
Signed and dated informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

\- < 18 years, patient in legal incapacity (person deprived of liberty or under guardianship)
Antibiotic administration within the 2 months before surgery
Long-term probiotic oral intake
Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
Preoperative bowel preparation (oral or rectal) inclued antibiotic and/or antiseptic preparation
Metastatic disease
Genetic CRC : familial adenomatous polyposis, hereditary non polyposis colorectal cancers (HNPCC)
Patient requiring preoperative radio-chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone
Medical history of cancer
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