MRI Hippocampal Microstructure and Episodic Memory in Early Multiple Sclerosis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    110
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Bordeaux
Updated on 11 April 2021

Summary

Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) can evolve into multiple sclerosis. In CIS patients, episodic memory is frequently impaired. Memory disorders could be preceded by microstructural abnormalities without visible atrophy in hippocampus. A recent MRI imaging of diffusion called NODDI (Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging) can measure specifically microstructural abnormalities and map the axons in the white matter (WM) and dendrites in the grey matter (GM). The aim of this study is to evaluate microstructural abnormalities in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in CIS patients compared to controls.

Description

Cognitive deficiencies could occur after a first clinical event of the central nervous system suggestive of MS called clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). Cognitive impairment concerned several cognitive domains including episodic memory, attention, working memory and executive functions. It is recognized the negative impact of cognitive impairment on quality of life and vocational status in patients living with MS. Slowness of information processing speed is the main cognitive dysfunction observed in MS seen at the earliest stage of the disease. Recently an international group of MS experts has explain IPS and episodic memory as the minimal cognitive assessment in patients with MS. Visuospatial and verbal episodic memory deficits have been observed in 18 to 28% of patients assessed after a CIS.

Memory disorders could be preceded by microstructural abnormalities without visible atrophy in hippocampus. A recent MRI imaging of diffusion called NODDI (Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging) can measure specifically microstructural abnormalities and map the axons in white matter and dendrite in the gray matter. No study has used the NODDI in CIS patients and very few studies have been conducted in MS.

The hypothesis is that the dentate gyrus is the anatomical substrate of early episodic memory dysfunction in patients included after a CIS.

The identification of predictive MRI biomarker of memory impairment would be a useful and clinically relevant prognostic marker at the early stage of MS. This biomarker could contribute to determine the prognosis of the disease and could help for the monitoring of the patients in clinical practice and clinical trials.

Details
Condition Multiple Sclerosis, Radiologically Isolated Syndrome, Dermatite Atopique modérée ou grave, multiple sclerosis (ms)
Treatment neuropsychological evaluation, clinical assessment, MRI evaluation, Psychological evaluation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03692975
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Bordeaux
Last Modified on11 April 2021

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note