Intravesical Ty21a for the Treatment of Patients With Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC)

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    Patrice Jichlinski
Updated on 9 May 2021


Bladder cancer is the fourth and eighth most common malignancy among men and women, respectively. About 75% of bladder cancers are diagnosed as non muscle-invasive and according to specific tumor-stage and grade characteristics, intravesical immunotherapy with Bacillus Calmette-Gurin (BCG) is used to prevent recurrence and/or progression. However, BCG immunotherapy is associated with significant adverse events and treatment failure may occur in 30-40% of cases, hence the necessity for alternative therapies. In an orthotopic MB49 mouse bladder cancer model, another bacterial vaccine (Ty21a/Vivotif) turned out to be more effective than BCG for inducing tumor regression and mice survival upon intravesical instillation; and potentially safer because Ty21a bacteria did not infect/persist in any mice tissues nor in human bladder explants or cell lines, in contrast to BCG. Ty21a/Vivotif has been used in the last 30 years in millions of individuals as an oral typhoid vaccine with a high safety record. In this phase I trial we will be testing the safety of intravesical administration of Ty21a and its effect on bladder immunity in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients, for whom recommendation of BCG therapy is not mandatory.


Escalating doses of Ty21a/Vivotif will be administered by the intravesical route to evaluate whether Ty21 may replace the standard BCG immunotherapy in NMIBC patients.

The minimal starting dose will be instilled intravesically once a week for 4 weeks in 3 patients. If well tolerated, a 5-fold higher dose will be instilled 4-times in 3 other patients, and so on for a maximum of 4 doses to be tested.

The maximal tolerated dose will then be administered to 3 new patients 6-times once a week. If 6 instillations are well tolerated, 7 additional patients will be included to receive 6 instillations with this maximal tolerated dose.

Condition Non Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
Treatment Ty21a, Ty21a
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03421236
SponsorPatrice Jichlinski
Last Modified on9 May 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with an intermediary or low risk of progression of bladder cancer (according to an EORTC score and clinical considerations) and thus not requiring BCG immunotherapy will be included after a transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT). Male and Female patients aged > 18yrs, with a Karnofsky performance status of 60% or more, sero-negative for HIV, HBV and HCV and with laboratory parameters for vital function in the normal range or with abnormalities without clinical significance may be included

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with NMIBC that require BCG treatments or with muscle-invasive bladder cancer, sero-positive for HIV, HBV and HCV or with other serious illnesses (e.g., serious infections requiring antibiotics, bleeding disorders, autoimmune disease), will be excluded
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