Dexamethasone and Postoperative Bleeding Following Tonsillectomy in Children

  • End date
    Oct 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Walid HABRE
Updated on 6 October 2021


Tonsillectomy is one of the most frequently performed surgical interventions in children. However, it is associated with a high incidence of PostOperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV), severe pain and haemorrhage.

There is strong evidence on the efficacy of Dexamethasone in reducing the incidence of PONV and pain after tonsillectomy, which led to consider this drug as a first line treatment in routine anaesthesia practice in such surgical setting. However, in the last decade, there have been arguments about the potential role of Dexamethasone in increasing the risk of postoperative bleeding in children and studies addressing the haemorrhage risk following administration of Dexamethasone for tonsillectomy are inconclusive.Thus, this study is aimed at providing evidence for the safety profile of Dexamethasone with regard to the risk of post-tonsillectomy bleeding in children when administered as a single intraoperative dose.


This double-blind (investigator-surgeon-patient blinded), randomized, placebo control, multicentre, international, pragmatic, non-inferiority trial is designed to to provide evidence of the Dexamethasone safety profile with regard to the risk of post-tonsillectomy bleeding in children when administered as a single intraoperative dose of 0.15mg/kg. The study is also aimed at characterizing whether the co-administration of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for analgesia potentiates the risk of postoperative haemorrhage.

Sample size estimation is based on the definition of a minimal clinically important difference between the 2 groups of treatment (dexamethasone or normal saline) to be equal to 2% (non-inferiority margin). Thus, 3'794 children in total will be included with 1'897 children in each treatment group.

The follow-up will be performed by the parents via an "Application" for Android and Apple that has been developed specifically for this study.

Condition postoperative nausea and vomiting, Postoperative Nausea, Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting, Vomiting, Tonsillar Bleeding, post-op pain, ponv, post-operative pain, Postoperative pain
Treatment Dexamethasone, Sodium chloride
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04188431
SponsorWalid HABRE
Last Modified on6 October 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Children aged from 2 to 13 years admitted for tonsillectomy/ tonsillotomy with or without adenoidectomy
Parents or legal responsible person willing and capable to follow data collection by the application (Android and iPhone) developed for this study

Exclusion Criteria

Children under Aspirin or any other anticoagulants with or without Congenital Heart Disease
Children with any bleeding disorders (ex. Haemophilia, Von Willebrand Disease)
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note