The TISA Trial - Senegal

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    74
  • participants needed
    2000
  • sponsor
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Updated on 27 January 2021

Summary

This study evaluates the addition of a simple, scalable "WASH kit", including household water treatment products, a safe water storage container, and hygiene promotion, to the standard national protocol for outpatient treatment of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months of age in northern Senegal.

Description

Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is defined as a weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) below -3 of the World Health Organisation growth standards. It is a short-term acute condition with a high case-fatality rate that increases both the susceptibility of children to infection and the risk of mortality. The global prevalence of SAM in children is estimated to be over 17 million with most of those affected living in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.

Community-Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) has significantly changed standard practice for the treatment of SAM. Uncomplicated SAM cases are now predominantly managed on an outpatient basis and Action Contre la Faim (ACF) supports outpatient treatment programs (OTP) across the globe, particularly in Africa and Asia. This innovation has increased coverage, and reduced the cost of treatment for both the health system and individuals. However, under CMAM, the treatment context has moved from a more controlled health facility setting to the generally less controlled household setting where the risk of infection due to environmental hazards, such as contaminated water, may be higher.

The TISA trial described here will evaluate the effectiveness of combining a simple, scalable "WASH kit" with OTP on the recovery rate among uncomplicated SAM cases aged 6-59 compared to the national standard OTP. The WASH kit includes a plastic container, a supply of Aquatabs (effervescent chlorine tablets), and training in their use and associated hygiene practices. The study is a cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT), with health centres constituting the clusters. Clusters are randomly allocated to either a control group receiving the standard OTP or an intervention group receiving OTP plus the WASH kit. The primary outcome of the trial is the recovery rate and the secondary outcomes are weight gain, referral rate, longitudinal prevalence of diarrhoea, prevalence of enteric pathogen detection and all-cause mortality.

Details
Condition Severe Acute Malnutrition
Treatment Standard Treatment, WASH kit
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04667767
SponsorLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Last Modified on27 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Weight-for-height z-score <-3; or
Brachial perimeter (mid-upper arm circumference) <115; or
Bilateral oedema

Exclusion Criteria

Not able and/or willing to participate for up to 8-weeks
Clinical complications requiring referral and/or inpatient treatment
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