Use of Anatomical Landmark in Locate Occlusal Plane.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    50
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Hama University
Updated on 21 April 2021

Summary

Occlusal plane "the average plane established by the incisal and occlusal surfaces of the teeth -The glossary of prosthodontic terms. Generally, it is not a plane but represents the planar mean of the curvature of these surfaces".

Correct orientation of the occlusal plane plays a vital role in achieving optimal aesthetics, occlusal balance and function of complete dentures. Faulty orientation of occlusal plane in fixed or removable prostheses will affect the interaction between tongue and buccinator muscle resulting in food collection in sulcus and cheek or tongue biting.

The occlusal plane is normally established anteriorly according to aesthetics of patient and posteriorly parallel to camper's plane.

In the mandibular arch there are few landmarks which could be used to orient the occlusal plane like the retromolar pad, commissure of the lips and lateral borders of the tongue.

Various landmark have been used to orient the occlusal plane in the maxillary arch e.g. parotid papilla, hamular notch- incisive papilla plane, ala-tragus line.

There is no single method seems entirely accurate to locate the occlusal plane in edentulous patients. Therefore ,Investigators need a stable anatomic landmark can be used as a guide to determine occlusal plane (OP).

Material and Methods:

Forty edentulous patients will be recruited from the Department of Prosthodontics at the University of Hama Dental School. Record bases had anterior occlusal wax rims at the anterior region only in maxillary and mandibular. The mandibular posterior occlusal plane was determined according to the level of coronoid notch{CN} (greatest concavity anterior border of the ramus) , Then, this plane in patient's mouth was modified to fit the lateral border of the tongue and the commissure of the lips. The determinants of the registration of the centric relationship were fixed to the posterior inferior mandibular occlusal wax rims, and the posterior wax rims of maxillary was made according to the posterior wax rims of mandibular.

Description

The plane of occlusion refers to an imaginary surface that theoretically touches incisal edges of the incisors and the tips of the occluding surfaces of the posterior teeth". A plane usually signifies a flat surface; however, it is not so where the occlusal plane is concerned. Two areas comprising of anterior and posterior teeth constitute the occlusal plane and must be considered individually. Anterior tooth position is governed by esthetics, phonetics and the required anterior guidance. On the contrary, functional needs predominantly determine the position of posterior teeth and this position is also affected by the incorporation of the anteroposterior and mediolateral curves. Optimal function, aesthetics and phonetics following prosthodontic rehabilitation is dependent on the establishment of physiologically accurate vertical dimensions of occlusion, palatal contours, positioning of the teeth and the level of occlusal plane.

The occlusal plane orientation is lost in patients with mutilated dentitions or those rendered edentulous and needs to be re-established for optimal function and comfort.

Different intra- and extra-oral landmarks used by clinicians to define the level of the occlusal plane include the upper lip, corners of mouth, lateral margins of tongue, Camper's plane and interpupillary line, the parotid papilla and the retromolar pad (RMP).

Any discrepancy in establishing the optimal level of occlusal plane causes adverse effects on periodontal tissues in dentate individuals and may result in vague symptoms such as headaches, migraines or stiffened shoulders and in edentulous patients, compromising the stability of the prosthesis, ultimately leading to alveolar bone resorption.

A combination of various landmark along with a judicious clinical judgment should be taken into account for the location of the occlusal plane in edentulous patients.

If the level of occlusal plane is too high, the tongue is unable to lie on the lingual cusps of the mandibular denture teeth and hence, fails to counter the movement of the denture. It may also result in food accretion in the labial and lingual sulci. In contrast, a low level of occlusal plane will promote tongue and cheek biting. Therefore, it is mandatory for the prosthodontist to re-establish the lost occlusal plane, both while dealing with multiple long span posterior restorations as well as in complete denture prosthodontics.

Material and Methods:

The patients will be recruited from the Department of Prosthodontics at the University of Hama Dental School. Forty edentulous patients. Record bases had anterior occlusal wax rims at the anterior region only in maxillary and mandibular. The mandibular posterior occlusal plane was determined on the level of coronoid notch (CN) on the anterior part of ramus,. Then, this plane in patient's mouth was modified to fit the lateral border of the tongue and the commissure of the lips. The determinants of the registration of the centric relationship were fixed to the posterior inferior mandibular occlusal wax rims, and the posterior wax rims of maxillary was made according to the posterior wax rims of mandibular. Then We will measure the occlusal plane in all forty a participants determined to the level of CN at the anterior border of ramus in mandible.

  • Inclusion criteria allowed all male and female subjects that were in the 45-75

Inclusion :

  • Stable systemic health, including absence of a history of cardiovascular disease
  • No evidence of infection or trauma in oral region
  • Negative history of TMJ disorders

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with ages beyond the accepted age range

Details
Condition Edentulous
Treatment Dentures in edentulous patients
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04694196
SponsorHama University
Last Modified on21 April 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 45 yrs and 75 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have Edentulous??
Stable systemic health, including absence of a history of cardiovascular disease
No evidence of infection or trauma in oral region
Negative history of TMJ disorders

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with ages beyond the accepted age range
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