Renal Oxygen Saturation During Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (OPCAB)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    46
  • sponsor
    Yeungnam University College of Medicine
Updated on 24 March 2022
general anesthesia

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate changes in renal oxygen saturation (rrSO2) and its relationship with central venous oxygen saturation (cvSO2), cerebral cortical oxygen saturation (rcSO2), and hemodynamic parameters while displacing the heart for each coronary anastomosis in 19-80 year old adult patients receiving off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) under general anesthesia.

Description

In the current clinical trial, systemic perfusion and oxygenation through hemodynamic variables such as cardiac index and mean arterial pressure, and central venous oxygen saturation (cvSO2) are monitored during surgery. However, it has not been studied whether the hemodynamic parameters and systemic oxygen saturation adequately reflect the perfusion and oxygen saturation of the kidney. Although there are various new serum biomarkers that are known to reflect renal function or damage, they are not real-time monitoring of renal function because they take time and cost to collect and analyze.

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measures the distribution of oxygenated hemoglobin and deoxygenated hemoglobin in tissues by sending two different near-infrared wavelengths (730 and 810 nm) from the sensor. It is a device that can continuously monitor the oxygen supply-demand balance to a specific region non-invasively. NIRS is mainly used to measure the oxygen demand-supply balance of the cerebral tissue by attaching a sensor to the forehead in the surgical patient. Since it is known to be closely related to the reduction of cerebral oxygen saturation during surgery and the occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction, it is used as an indispensable monitoring device to prevent neurological complications in heart surgery patients. Recently, with technological advances, it has become possible to measure oxygen saturation by attaching sensors to various body tissues other than the brain. When monitored with an NIRS sensor attached to the kidney, the relationship between renal oxygen saturation reduction and postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in children and adult patients undergoing heart surgery was reported. However, so far, the effects of systemic hemodynamic and oxygen saturation changes during the displacement of heart for coronary anastomosis during OPCAB on the oxygen saturation in the cerebral cortex and kidney, have not been studied. In addition, it is not known whether the cerebral cortical oxygen saturation (rcSO2), which is commonly used in heart surgery, can reflect the renal oxygen saturation (rrSO2).

The purpose of this study is to evaluate changes in renal oxygen saturation (rrSO2) and its relationship with central venous oxygen saturation (cvSO2), cerebral cortical oxygen saturation (rcSO2), and hemodynamic parameters while displacing the heart for each coronary anastomosis in 19-80 year old adult patients receiving off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) under general anesthesia.

Details
Condition Acute Kidney Injury
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04679337
SponsorYeungnam University College of Medicine
Last Modified on24 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

clinical diagnosis of coronary artery obstructive disease
undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Exclusion Criteria

renal artery stenosis
Hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin> 1.2 mg/dl)
Kidney disease (serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dl) or chronic kidney failure
Carotid artery stenosis (> 60%)
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