Surgery in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) for Treatment, Tumor Modeling, and Genomic Analysis

  • End date
    Dec 30, 2040
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Updated on 9 April 2023
ct scan



To follow people with GISTs and collect tumor tissue so that it can be studied in the lab.


People age 6 and older who have a GIST.


Participants will be screened with a review of their medical records and samples.

Participants will enroll in 1 other NIH study, and may be asked to enroll in 2 other optional NIH studies.

Participants will have a medical history and physical exam. Data about how they function in their daily activities will be obtained.

Participants may speak with a genetic counselor. They may have genetic testing.

Participants will give blood samples. They may have a cheek swab. For this, small brush will be rubbed against the inside of the cheek.

Participants may have a computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. Or they may have a CT scan of the chest and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen and pelvis.

Participants will be monitored every 6-12 months at the NIH Clinical Center, for up to 10 years before having surgery. If they need surgery, it will be performed at the NIH. Then, they will be monitored every 6-12 months, for up to 5 years after surgery.

If a participant has surgery, tumor tissue samples will be taken.

If a participant does not need surgery, their participation will end after 10 years. If they have surgery, the 5-year monitoring period will restart after each surgery.



Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common gastrointestinal soft tissue sarcoma, but remain a rare disease entity.

Most GISTs are characterized by KIT or PDGFRA mutations, making them susceptible to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy.

Wild-type (WT) GISTs are rarer tumors, usually characterized by SDH mutations and/or lack of KIT or PDGFRA mutations; paragangliomas are frequently associated with WT GISTs.

Non-WT GISTs may become refractory to TKI therapy, whereas WT GISTs are generally resistant to TKI therapy.

The primary treatment modality for GISTs is surgical resection, which may involve the stomach, liver, and/or peritoneal surfaces; most patients will require multiple operations to remove disease not responsive to systemic agents.

Investigational systemic therapies are limited by toxicity and/or lack of efficacy, resulting in an unmet need for novel treatment options.

Obtaining fresh tumor tissue is critical to the successful development of GIST models for drug research, as well as for next generation tumor genomic sequencing, and to help identify novel targets and/or agents for the treatment of WT and TKI-resistant non-WT GISTs.


Evaluate and follow patients with GISTs, particularly WT and treatment-refractory non-WT, to support translational research for this rare disease

Assess disease-free intervals (DFIs) between surgical resection of disease for at least 5 years


Patients with histologically confirmed or clinical presentation suspicious of GIST.


Prospective cohort study

Patients with histologically confirmed or clinical presentation suspicious of GIST will enroll on study and will have active surveillance every 9-15 months for up to 10 years prior to and up to 5 years after surgical resection and/or cytoreduction. As patients may have multiple resections during the course of the study, 5-year surveillance post-surgery may be initiated multiple times, relative to the last resection performed.

All patients enrolled will be evaluated for tumor resection or cytoreduction at the start of study and if appropriate, will be offered surgery, otherwise they will be on active surveillance until surgical resection or cytoreduction is clinically indicated.

It is expected that approximately 30-40 patients per year may enroll on this trial; the accrual ceiling will be set at 400 to permit accrual over a 10-year period.

Condition Gastric Cancer, Gastric Neoplasm, Gastrointestinal Stromal Sarcoma, Gastrointestinal Stromal Neoplasm, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04557969
SponsorNational Cancer Institute (NCI)
Last Modified on9 April 2023


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histological confirmation or clinical presentation suspicious of GIST; histological confirmation will be preferably by review of archival tissue if available, fresh biopsy will not be required if inadequate tissue sample
Age >= 6 years
ECOG performance status <= 2 (Karnofsky or Lansky >= 60%)
Ability of participant or parent/guardian to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Ability and willingness to enroll on 13C0176, "Tumor, Normal Tissue and Specimens from Patients Undergoing Evaluation or Surgical Resection of Solid Tumors

Exclusion Criteria

Non-modifiable medical comorbidities that would preclude cytoreductive surgery
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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