Mind-body Therapy (Remotely Delivered) for Knee Osteoarthritis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    64
  • participants needed
    50
  • sponsor
    Tufts Medical Center
Updated on 11 August 2022

Summary

This proposal aims to provide crucial knowledge about the neurobiological mechanisms underlying Tai Chi mind-body therapy for knee osteoarthritis (OA). The central mechanism of knee OA pain will be investigated using brain imaging technology to evaluate how brain function and structure change in response to mind-body exercise over time.

Sixty eligible individuals who meet the American College of Rheumatology criteria for knee OA will be randomized into Tai Chi or wellness education interventions for 12 weeks. The investigators will compare changes in resting state functional connectivity of the cognitive control network, and functional magnetic resonance imaging responses to pressure pain and brain morphometry, as well as their association with clinical outcomes. The findings will lead to the establishment of a new treatment paradigm in OA and have broad application to the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain.

Description

The study will investigate the central mechanism of knee OA pain using brain imaging technology to evaluate how brain function and structure change in response to mind-body exercise over time. Tai Chi mind body therapy may work by modulating the interaction among cognitive control network, default mode network, descending pain modulation system, limbic system, salient network, and sensory motor system through complex mind-body interactions. By combining multiple brain imaging modalities measurements, investigators will examine the neural substrates of Tai Chi compared with wellness education in adults with knee OA. The investigators will compare changes in resting state functional connectivity of the cognitive control network, brain morphometry and functional magnetic resonance imaging responses to pressure pain, as well as their association with clinical outcomes. Results of this innovative mechanistic study will have important therapeutic implications and provide critical insight into the clinical, behavioral, and neurobiological mechanisms of the potential disease-modifying role of mind-body therapies for knee OA.

Details
Condition Knee Osteoarthritis
Treatment Mind-body exercise and education
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04678999
SponsorTufts Medical Center
Last Modified on11 August 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 50 years or older
Unilateral or bilateral Knee OA
Fulfills the American College of Rheumatology Criteria for symptomatic knee OA
Willing to undergo MRI at baseline and follow-up
WOMAC pain subscale score ≥2 on weight-bearing questions

Exclusion Criteria

Serious medical conditions limiting ability of patient to participate in the study such as, symptomatic cardiovascular, symptomatic pulmonary disease requiring supplemental oxygen, uncontrolled metabolic diseases, severe renal and liver disease
Presence of any contraindications to fMRI scanning. Including but not limited to: cardiac pacemaker, metal implants, fear of closed spaces, pregnancy, weight >300 lbs
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