Sex Differences in Myocardial Steatosis Induced Left Ventricular Dysfunction

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    The University of Texas at Arlington
Updated on 11 April 2023
Accepts healthy volunteers


To test the specific research questions, healthy men and age-matched healthy premenopausal females will be enrolled. Subjects will undergo cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy (MRI/MRS) to evaluate cardiac morphology/function and fat metabolism. To acutely elevate myocardial triglyceride content, subjects will be asked to abstain from eating for 2 days (reproducibly causes a significant and physiological increase in myocardial fat deposition, transiently). Subjects will be allowed water and/or an isotonic saline solution in order to maintain hydration status. After screening, subjects will meet with the research coordinator or an investigator for a discussion, with opportunity for questions, before applicable consent forms are obtained. The subject will be screened for metal in or on their body and claustrophobia using a standard MR screening form. A venous blood sample will be taken for measurement of metabolic health, circulating hormones, and systemic inflammation. Imaging will include cine imaging for global morphology and function, tissue tagging for regional tissue deformation, spectroscopy for fat quantification. After baseline images of the heart are obtained, the subject will be asked to squeeze a MR-safe handgrip dynamometer at 30% of their maximum while images of the heart are obtained. Blood pressure will also be measured at rest and during stress. Each MRI will take approximately 90-120 minutes.

Aim 1 will test the hypothesis that cardiac steatosis induced left ventricular dysfunction is sexually dimorphic, by comparing age-matched men and premenopausal women before and after 48 of fasting. Subjects will complete the MRI/MRS protocol described above before and after the fasting intervention.

Aim 2 will test the hypothesis that estrogen is protective against cardiac steatosis-induced dysfunction, by suppressing ovarian sex hormones with a GnRH antagonist and repeating the fasting studies with and without estrogen add-back. 30 female subjects will be treated with GnRH antagonist and repeat the 48 hour fasting intervention and cardiac MRI/MRS protocol. 15 of the subjects will receive estrogen add-back using a transdermal patch, the other 15 subjects will receive a placebo patch.

Aim 3 will test whether plasma and myocardial fatty acid composition is sexually dimorphic, by performing comprehensive plasma and myocardial lipidomics assessment.

Condition Heart Diseases, Left Ventricular Dysfunction
Treatment Fasting, Estradiol patch, Cetrotide, Cetrotide, Lower Body Negative Pressure, Lower Body Negative Pressure
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04671966
SponsorThe University of Texas at Arlington
Last Modified on11 April 2023


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

blood pressure <140/90 mmHg
BMI between 18.5 and 30 kg/m2
sedentary or recreationally active (<3 days of vigorous aerobic exercise each week)
no use of oral contraceptives hormone therapy, or other medications that might influence cardiovascular function

Exclusion Criteria

Women will be excluded with
history of or active estrogen-dependent neoplasms, acute liver or gallbladder disease, vaginal bleeding, venous thromboembolism, hypertriglyceridemia, and CVD
known allergy to transdermal patch, GnRHant (i.e., hypersensitivity to cetrorelix, extrinsic peptide hormones, mannitol, GnRH, benzyl alcohol - the vehicle for injection of cetrorelix)
history of stomach ulcer or bleeding
other contraindications to hormone replacement therapy or GnRHant, (i.e., taking Levodopa, medications that can inhibit folate metabolism including methotrexate)
Other conditions for which individuals will be excluded from the study
diabetes active infection history of seizures or disease that affects the nervous system
sepsis an abnormal resting ECG contraindications to MRI pregnant or planning to become
pregnant smoking history illicit drug use (excluding occasional marijuana)
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note