Discarded Bone Marrow for Hematology Research

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jan 17, 2035
  • participants needed
    50
  • sponsor
    St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Updated on 17 June 2022

Summary

The primary objective of this study is to establish a mechanism to obtain discarded bone marrow-containing bone samples from hemoglobinopathy, as well as non-hemoglobinopathy individuals. The processing of samples will help to understand how best to manipulate HSPC's from hemoglobinopathy patients with gene therapy and gene technologies in the laboratory environment. It will also allow us to establish a reservoir of samples that can be studied in the future to assess cellular function and fitness for transplant.

Secondary objectives

  • To develop gene transfer and gene editing strategies as potentially curative therapy for hemoglobinopathies (e.g. sickle cell disease (SCD) and β-thalassemia).
  • To develop a drug treatment strategy which elevates the expression of fetal hemoglobin to a potentially curative level for hemoglobinopathies.
  • To examine the biology of bone marrow cells isolated from patients with hemoglobinopathies.

Description

The hemoglobinopathies (e.g. sickle cell disease (SCD) and thalassemia) are devastating inherited anemias that shorten and reduce quality of life. The only current curative therapy for SCD is bone marrow transplantation. However, many patients lack access to suitable donors for transplant. Alternative treatments based on gene therapy, gene editing and novel drugs are currently being developed and show great promise for hemoglobinopathies. Gene therapy and gene editing are especially appealing because they eliminate both the need for donors and the potentially devastating side effects of Graft-versus-Host Disease because they take advantage of the patients own cells. In gene therapy approaches, hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are collected from a patient and then treated to 'correct' or 'replace' the disease-causing mutation. However, much work remains to develop optimal gene therapy and gene editing protocols, as well as better understand the inherent biology of HSPCs in patients with hemoglobinopathies.

Researchers at St. Jude want to learn how to best manipulate HSPCs from hemoglobinopathy patients with gene therapy and gene editing technologies to achieve optimal gene correction and/or replacement, as well as optimal engraftment of 'corrected' HSPCs after transplantation. St. Jude researchers also seek to test candidate drugs on SCD HSPCs that might ameliorate the symptoms of SCD. Finally, St. Jude researchers seek to thoroughly characterize the basic biology and function of HSPCs isolated from hemoglobinopathy patients.

Bone marrow-containing bone samples that are typically discarded during orthopedic surgery will be saved from hemoglobinopathy patients, as well as non- hemoglobinopathy patients, undergoing these surgeries. These samples will be shipped to the St. Jude Hematology Department for experimental research aimed at addressing the primary and secondary objectives of this protocol.

Details
Condition Hemoglobinopathies
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04671212
SponsorSt. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Last Modified on17 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients of any age receiving orthopedic surgery for clinical management that involve bone marrow containing bone discard
Patients receiving orthopedic surgery for clinical management will be considered for this study if they have the following diagnosis and criteria
Homozygous S/S disease or doubly heterozygous for S and β thalassemia who are two years or older are eligible
HbE-β- thalassemia or homozygous (severe) β-thalassemia. including those who are transfusion dependent (major) or severely anemic but relatively transfusion independent (intermedia). Diagnostic criteria include standard hematological parameters, red cell indices, hemoglobin electrophoresis and quantitative determination of HbF and HbA2

Exclusion Criteria

Active, acute manifestations of sickle cell disease including painful crisis, acute chest syndrome, cerebrovascular events or active infection
Pregnant women will not be eligible for study enrollment
Inability or unwillingness of the research participant or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent will preclude enrollment on this research protocol
Platelet count < 150,000/mm^3
Neutrophil count < 2000/mm^3
Neutrophil count < 1000/mm^3 for patients on hydroxyurea therapy
Prothrombin Time > 17 seconds
Partial thromboplastin Time > 43 seconds
History of excessive bleeding in the context of previous procedures including surgery and dental extractions
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