Sedation or General Anesthesia During TAVR (ANESTAVI)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 23, 2023
  • participants needed
    218
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Montpellier
Updated on 23 March 2022

Summary

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement TAVR is become the reference method for patients with severe aortic stenosis who are contraindicated or at risk for surgical aortic replacement. Initially performed under general anesthesia (GA), recent developpement of minimalist approach of TAVR include the use of local anesthesia (LA) with or without conscious sedation (CS) associated with full percutaneous access and no routine transoesophageal echocardiography (T0E). The aim is to simplify the procedure and to allow fast recovery of patients with early discharge and reduced cost.

Evidence guiding the decision of whether to perform TAVR under GA or LA-CS is limited to non-randomized trials and registry data Current evidence is however limited by probable patient selection bias, methodological variability between studies, various methods of anesthesia and a lack of agreement regarding appropriate clinical end-points. The potential benefits of TAVR with LA include reduced procedure time, shorter intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, reduced need for intraprocedural vasopressor support, and the potential to perform the procedure without the direct presence of an anesthetist for cost-saving reasons. As LA with CS is preferred with good results in main centers, GA may be useful to facilitate intraprocedural TOE which is necessary in case of intraprocedural complications and may facilitate the procedure for the physician particularly when the patient is anxious or disturbed. A resulted better concentration without precipitation may influence the outcomes in term of valve positioning. The patient comfort could also be better during femoral puncture or rapid pacing. The aim of the study is to compare transfemoral TAVR under general anesthesia (experimental group) versus local anaesthesia with sedation (control group) with a safety primary combined end point of adverse events at 72 h follow-up (hemodynamic parameters and VARC 3 criteria). Secondary end points include hospitalization length, satisfaction of the patients and operators and 30 days mortality.

The hypothesis is a non inferoirity of the GA staregy regarding the primary end point.

Description

Implantation of a femoral percutaneous aortic prosthesis (TAVI) has become a routine therapy for elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis (SA) and a high or intermediate surgical risk. With growing experience of intereventional temas with the technique, improvement of device technology, and expansion of the technique to patients with lower surgical risk, the procedure is mostly currently performed under local anaesthesia with or without conscious sedation (TAVR-LA-CS) rather than by the traditional general anaesthesia approach (TAVR-GA).

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety (primary outcome) and efficiency (secondary outcome) of local anesthesia (LA) with conscious sedation (CS) versus general anesthesia (GA) for the TAVR procedure performed with transfemoral access.

This is a blindly randomized, non-inferiority controlled trial. The study will include all consecutive patients referred to the Cardiology Department of the CHU of Montpellier, France, for TAVR by transfemoral access which is the default strategy. Procedure is indicated for severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis with high or intermediate surgical risk or with contraindication to surgery and after decision of the multidisciplinary team according to the current recommendations of the European society of cardiology. Patients are randomized into two groups with surgical risk stratification : one with general anesthesia (experimental group) and one with local anesthesia with sedation: (control group) in a 1/1 ratio. Exclusion criteria include contraindication to GA or LA-CS based on hemodynamic status or comorbidities. The primary composite endpoint combines the major peri and post-operative adverse events (72 hours), including hemodynamic instability and major complications (VARC 3 criteria). Secondary criteria include length of intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalization and total hospital stay, duration of intervention, analgesic dose up to 72 hours, finger oximetry results, transition to GA in the AL group, fluoroscopic time, patient and operator satisfaction (questionnaires for patients, interventional cardiologists and anesthesiologists) and mortality at 30 day follow-up.

It is expected that 20% of patients will have an event defined by the main judgement outcome. To balance the various expected benefits of LA-CS over the length of stay, duration in ICUC and opioid drug use, the non-inferiority threshold was set at an absolute difference of up to 15%, or 35% of event rates in the experimental arm.

Based on this threshold and the above assumptions, and using 80% power and 5% Type I error (for a one-sided test), 109 patients are must be included in each arm, for a total of 218 patients with a randomization rate of 1:1.

The inclusion period will be 24 months or as soon as the required number of subjects is reached. Follow-up includes a medical assessment during the peri-operative period (72h) and at the end of the hospital stay and a clinical evaluation by phone survey at 30 days.

Details
Condition Stenoses, Aortic
Treatment TAVR
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04347603
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Montpellier
Last Modified on23 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients over 18 years of age
Consecutive patients referred to the cardiology department of the CHU in Montpellier, France, for TAVI via transfemoral access
Patients for whom the procedure is indicated after decision by the heart team and according to the current recommendations of the European Society of Cardiology
Patients with severe aortic stenosis defined by mean gradient > 40 mmHg and/or aortic valve area 1 cm2 or 0.8 cm2/m2 as recommended. May also include patients with low gradient (< 40mm hg) and low flow (stroke volume index < 35ml/minute) which are classic indications for aortic valve replacement
Ability to consent to participate in study
Patient affiliated with or beneficiary of a social security scheme

Exclusion Criteria

Chronic respiratory insufficiency treated by long term oxygeno therapy
Pulmonary hypertension above 50mmHg
BMI>35
TAVI by carotidian or apical way
Pregnant women
Vulnerable person according to L1121-6 of Public Health reglementation in France
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