Rediscovering Biomarkers for the Diagnosis and Early Treatment Response in NEN (REBORN)

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Roma La Sapienza
Updated on 27 January 2021


This is a multicentre, controlled, observational prospective study on new biomarkers, as immune profiling, angiogenetic markers and circRNA from TEPs in the diagnosis and in the evaluation of treatment response in pulmonary and gastro-entero-pancreatic NENs.


Neuroendocrine Neoplasm (NEN) are heterogeneous disease in terms of origin, localization and clinical presentation. Annual incidence of NEN is increasing in the last 30 years, even if the reasons underlying this rise have not been completely identified.

Many biomarkers have been used in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with NEN. In non-functioning NEN general tumor markers, such as chromogranin A (CgA) and neuron specific enolase (NSE), are commonly used but their sensibility and specificity are quite low.

Recently, high-throughput tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry assessments have been performed to observe the expression pattern of new potential markers for NEN. In order to overcome limitations of tissue acquisition, the use of liquid biopsies has been advocated. It has been reported that tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) may easily enable blood-based cancer diagnostics. TEPs take up tumor-derived secreted membrane vesicles containing RNAs, of which circular RNAs (circRNAs) that can serve as a potential biomarker source for cancer diagnostics. This innovative approach in cancer detection has not yet been transferred to the NEN field.

Flow cytometric analysis furnishes important insights into the immune status by providing information about the numbers and phenotypes of the immune cells, which are known to be altered in many types of neoplasms. In NEN, leukocytes subpopulations and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are not been completely investigated but immunological alterations could represent a signal of neoplastic spread.

Inflammatory and angiogenetic pathways' involvement in NEN behavior has recently received increasing attention. It is well known that NEN are known to be highly vascularized neoplasms and somatostatin analogues (SSA), used as first line drugs for most well differentiated NEN, can reduce tumour proliferation by various direct and indirect mechanism including the inhibition of angiogenesis.

Tumor angiogenesis is a complicated process consisting of several steps, the angiogenesis cascade, regulated by endogenous and exogenous factors, including the system Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and -2 (Ang-2) / Tie2 and Prokineticins. These systems are involved in neoplastic angiogenesis and inflammation in various types of cancer. Despite these evidences, the role of inflammatory and angiogenic factors in NEN detection and follow-up has not been completely clarified.

The aim of the study is to evaluate immune profiling, angiogenetic markers and circularRNA sequencing in patients affected by locally advanced or metastatic pulmonary or GEP NENs and controls. Moreover, NENs patients will be evaluated also after 1 and 3 months of first line medical treatment.

Condition Neuroendocrine Tumor, Neuroectodermal Tumor, Neurectoderma, Neuroendocrine carcinoma, Neuroendocrine carcinoma, Neurectoderma, neuroendocrine tumors, neuroendocrine tumour, Neuroendocrine Tumor Grade 1, Neuroendocrine Tumor Grade 2
Treatment Somatostatin analog; chemotherapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04464122
SponsorUniversity of Roma La Sapienza
Last Modified on27 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically-proven NENs, locally advanced or metastatic, originating from pulmonary or gastro-entero-pancreatic (GEP) tract, candidate to first line medical therapy (study group)
Patients affected by other non-malignant endocrine disease, e.g. benign thyroid disfunction (control group)

Exclusion Criteria

Severe chronic kidney disease (stage 4-5)
Clinical or laboratory signs of significant respiratory, cardiological and hepatobiliary disease
Other non-neuroendocrine malignancies
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note