Clinical Research of UCDA Reducing Medication Regimen in Stable PBC (UCDA PBC)

  • End date
    Oct 10, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Updated on 10 May 2022


This study explores the feasibility of the reducing medication regimen for Ursodeoxycholic Acid(UDCA) in the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis. The participants will be distributed randomly into two experimental groups and one control group. The two experimental groups will receive reduced dosage of UDCA at different level, while the control group will receive standard dosage of UDCA. The effect of therapy will be evaluated every three months.


Primary biliary cholangitis is a chronic, progressive liver disease of autoimmune origin characterized by nonpurulent destruction of intrahepatic ductule, lymphatic infiltration of portal area and long-term intrahepatic cholestasis leading to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in absence of treatment. The diagnosis is made in the presence of antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA) coupled with an increase in alkaline phosphatase (ALP), a histologic confirmation being mandatory only in seronegative cases or overlap syndrome. Treatment is based on ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and obeticholic acid, which are proved effective in improving biochemical index and preventing disease progression. While obeticholic acid is only approved in USA and Canada, UDCA seem to be the only choice for PBC patients in China. Study has shown that liver function improvement can be expected in six to nine months when patients receive standard dosage( 13 -15mg/kg/d) of UDCA. Recovery of liver function takes two years in 20% of patients ,and five years in 15% to 35% of patients. Lifetime medication is recommended among patients with good respond to UDCA, while the high cost has placed great burden on patients as well as the medical service system. Exploration of the reducing medication regimen of UDCA among stable PBC patients is of great significance under this circumstance. In our study, the 90 recruited patients of refractory PBC will be distributed randomly into two experimental groups and one control group. The two experimental groups will receive reduced dosage of UDCA at 250mg bid and 250mg qd respectively, while the control group will receive standard dosage of UDCA. The effect of therapy will be evaluated every three months, which includes assessment of symptoms, life quality, disease progression, complete blood count, urinalysis, liver biochemical markers (ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, TBIL, DBIL, TP, ALB), blood lipid (CHO, TG, LDL, HDL), immunoglobulins, ESR, AMA, liver morphology and cirrhosis degree, along with peripheral T lymphocyte subpopulations and cytokines test.

Condition Primary Biliary Cholangitis
Treatment Ursodeoxycholic Acid
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04650243
SponsorPeking Union Medical College Hospital
Last Modified on10 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Satisfied the diagnostic criteria of PBC by the AASLDin 2000
Aged 18-65 years old
Clinical stage 2 and 3 (i.e. abnormal liver function and symptomatic phase)
Patients with improved liver biochemical index(i.e. bilirubin≤17μmol/L, ALP≤3ULN, and AST≤2ULN) for at least 6 months after 6 to 12 months treatment of UDCA
Informed consent obtained

Exclusion Criteria

Overlapped with other liver diseases (such as HBV, HCV, alcoholic cirrhosis, etc.) or serum ALT, AST more than 2 ULN
Decompensation of liver function (Child grade B/C)
Combined with other autoimmune diseases
Complicated with important organ failure (such as renal insufficiency), serious infection or other serious complications
Pregnancy, preparation for pregnancy or pregnancy Lactation, psychiatric subjects, etc
Combined with tumor
Participating in other clinical trials or participated in other clinical trials in three months
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