Acute Ischemic Stroke Interventional Study

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    39
  • participants needed
    160
  • sponsor
    Acticor Biotech
Updated on 2 May 2021

Summary

To assess safety of single IV (bolus + infusion) doses of ACT017 in patients with an acute ischemic stroke in addition to best emergency standard of care (including fibrinolysis by rtPA with or without added thrombectomy), with a specific focus on hemorrhage, whether clinically symptomatic (NIHSS score + 4 points or death, without other explanation), or seen (excluding other diagnoses) on 24-hour (hr) CT scan, serious adverse events (SAEs), suspected unexpected serious adverse reactions (SUSARs), and medically important events and other safety items including biological and immunological tolerability.

Description

This first in-patient randomized, double blind, multicenter, multinational, placebo-controlled, parallel-dose 2-phase study combines a dose-escalation phase (1b) and a consolidation phase (2a).

Dose Escalation (Phase 1b):

Phase 1b was designed to (I) assess the dose- related safety and potential efficacy of glenzocimab administered as soon as possible and no later than 3 hours after the start of thrombolysis with tPA (itself administered within 4.5 hrs of the onset of acute ischemic stroke symptoms), and (II) identify the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D).

During this phase, patients were unevenly randomized between groups, to obtain a total of 60 patients, 12 at each dose level. At the starting level, 8 patients received either glenzocimab at the lowest pharmacologically active dose of 125 mg (n=4) or the matching placebo(n=4). After real-time review by the DSMB of clinical safety and a CT scan (and where available MRI) and giving a favorable opinion, the next patients were randomized in the second cohort (n=8) with 4 patients under a higher dose of 250 mg, 2 patients remaining at the initial starting dose (125 mg), and 2 patients under placebo. Following the same process, and after favorable opinion from the DSMB, patients were randomized in the third cohort (n=10) and received glenzocimab 500 mg (n=4), randomized versus 250 mg (n=2), 125 mg (n=2) or placebo (n=2). Similarly, the fourth cohort (n=12) randomized patients between ahigher dose of 1000 mg (n=4), versus 500 mg (n=2), 250 mg (n=2), 125 mg (n=2), or placebo (n=2). Once this fourth cohort completed, the DSMB issued a further positive opinion and the fifth cohort (n=22) randomized patients to 1000 mg (n=8), versus 500 mg (n=6), 250 mg (n=4), 125 mg (n=2), or placebo (n=2).

Consolidation Phase with Final Dose (Phase 2a):

After having reviewed patient's safety data included in the first part of the study, the DSMB confirmed that the study can continue with the glenzocimab recommended dose of 1000 mg. During this phase, a group of 100 patients will be treated, 50 with glenzocimab and 50 with matching placebo to complete the group of 160 patients planned to participate in this study.

In addition, patients in each treatment arm will be stratified by type of Standard of Care (SOC) administered:

  • Thrombolysis with tPA only;
  • Thrombolysis with tPA AND mechanical thrombectomy Each treatment arm will contain 25 patients with one SOC, and 25 with the other SOC. The active glenzocimab dose will be that recommended after the last safety analysis has been performed.

Details
Condition Acute Ischemic Stroke
Treatment intravenous placebo, Intravenous ACT017 1000 mg
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03803007
SponsorActicor Biotech
Last Modified on2 May 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult male or female patients 18 years (i.e., at least 18 years old at time of randomization). Extreme caution should be exercised in patients over 80 years of age with regards their general health, neurological status and any concomitant diseases and treatments that are likely to be more common
Patients who have given written consent, legal representative consent or emergency consent (including e-consent) in accordance with local legal and IECs/IRBs requirements
Patients presenting with an acute disabling ischemic stroke in either the anterior or posterior circulation.The time of onset is known or if unknown, the last time the patient was seen well, was at most 4.5 hrs before confirmation of the diagnosis enabling the initiation of alteplase administration within this time-frame
Patients presenting at least a NIHSS 6 prior to thrombolysis with tPA
Patients eligible for, or administered thrombolysis treatment with tPA
Patients who can undergo mechanical thrombectomy if eligible
Patients affiliated to social security insurance (if applicable, in accordance to local regulations)
Effective birth control method should be used for at least the next 2 months by women, and 4 months by men after IMP administration; birth control methods considered to be highly effective include
intrauterine device
intrauterine hormone-releasing system
bilateral tubal occlusion
vasectomized partner
sexual abstinence (if applicable in accordance to local regulations)
Women of child-bearing potential must undergo a urinary or plasma pregnancy test with negative results

Exclusion Criteria

Coma, and/or NIHSS >25
Patients < 18 years of age
Prior ischemic stroke within the past 3 months with pre-stroke mRS known to be > 2
Baseline CT-scan evaluation: more than 1/3 of the middle cerebral artery) regions of clear hypodensity on the baseline imaging
Significant mass effect with midline shift
Stroke of hemorrhagic origin
Contra-indications to thrombolysis with tPA
Patients with known hypersensitivity to the active substance alteplase or to any of its excipients
Patients with a high risk of hemorrhages
significant bleeding disorder at present or within the past 6 months
known haemorrhagic diathesis (episodes within past 6 months)
patients receiving effective oral anticoagulant treatment, e.g. warfarin sodium
manifest or recent severe or dangerous bleeding
known history of or suspected intra-cranial haemorrhage
any history of central nervous system lesion (i.e. trauma, intra-parenchymal neoplasm, unsecured aneurysm, intracranial or spinal surgery, vascular malformation etc..)
recent (< 10 days) traumatic external heart massage, obstetrical delivery, or puncture of a non-compressible blood-vessel (e.g. subclavian or jugular vein puncture)
bacterial endocarditis, pericarditis
acute pancreatitis
documented ulcerative gastrointestinal disease during the past 3 months, oesophageal varices, arterial-aneurysm, arterial/venous malformations
neoplasm involving an increased risk of bleeding
severe liver disease, including hepatic failure, cirrhosis, portal hypertension (esophageal varices) and active hepatitis
major surgery or significant trauma during the past 3 months
patients receiving anti-coagulants prior to study: the inclusion may however be considered when the dose or time since the last intake of anticoagulant treatment makes residual efficacy unlikely. This should be confirmed by the appropriate tests of anticoagulant activity for the product(s) concerned to show no clinically relevant activity on the coagulation system defined as follows
INR 1.5 for vitamin K antagonists
Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) and Unfractionated Heparin (UFH): aPPT/ACT/KCT 39 sec or their patient/witness ratio 1.2 and/or PT 16 sec (heparin at sub-therapeutic doses ( 50 IU/kg) during the mechanical thrombectomy procedure is authorized)
Non-Vitamin-K or Direct Oral Anti-Coagulants (NOACs- DOACs) 50 ng/mL in patients with normal renal function
need for carotid stenting together with a dual anti-platelet treatment (on top of glenzocimab); this can be carried out 24 hrs after the initiation of treatment with glenzocimab
platelets count <100 103/L (<100 000/ mm3)
prior hemorrhagic stroke
Systolic blood pressure 185 mm Hg despite appropriate acute therapy to lower blood pressure therapy
Diastolic blood pressure 110 mm Hg; despite appropriate acute therapy to lower blood pressure therapy
Glucose >400 mg/dL (>4 g/L) despite treatment
Glycemia <50 mg/dL (<0,5 g/L)
Patients receiving a dual antiplatelet treatment
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation within the past 10 days
Childbirth within the past 10 days
Epileptic seizure at the onset of symptoms
Life expectancy < 3 months
Pregnant or breastfeeding
Females of childbearing potential not using effective birth control methods
Known severe (grade 3 and above) renal impairment or Glomerular Filtration Rate < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 or Serum Creatinine > 2X ULN (1.2 mg/dL for men and 1.0 mg/dL for women) at screening
Known current participation
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