A Multicenter Phase 3 Confirmatory Trial of Biotherapy Using Cryopreserved Human Umbilical Cord (TTAX01) for Late Stage, Complex Non-healing Diabetic Foot Ulcers (AMBULATE DFU II)

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    Tissue Tech Inc.
Updated on 24 October 2022


It is hypothesized that application at 4-week or greater intervals of the human placental umbilical cord tissue TTAX01 to the surface of a well debrided, complex diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) will, with concomitant management of infection, result in a higher rate of wounds showing complete healing within 25 weeks of initiating therapy, compared with standard care alone. This second confirmatory Phase 3 study examines a population of diabetic foot ulcer patients having adequate perfusion, with or without neuropathy, and a high suspicion of associated osteomyelitis in a complex, high grade wound.


This trial is designed as a confirmatory study of the benefits and risks of TTAX01 when used in the treatment of Wagner Grades 3 and 4 DFU. Experience with the use of a cryopreserved umbilical cord (UC) product in treating such wounds, both prior to this IND and under this IND, has indicated that a frequency of application of no shorter than every 4 weeks is associated with better than expected outcomes. Although treatment cannot be blinded, a "standard care only" arm is included to control for the benefits of aggressive baseline debridement combined with aggressive (6 weeks systemic) antibiotics. Current treatment guidelines indicate that aggressive debridement plus 1-2 weeks of antibiotics, or, minor debridement plus 6 weeks of antibiotics, would produce equivalent outcomes, although the evidence is not strong. By utilizing both maximum debridement and maximum antimicrobial therapy, the standard care described in this protocol may result in healing rates somewhat superior to current standard practice.

The design of this second confirmatory study is matched to the design of the Phase 2 efficacy study TTCRNE-1501, with the exception of extending the primary endpoint from a landmark analysis at 16 to a "wound survival" analysis through 26 weeks, utilizing a proportional risk analysis rather than a simple test of proportions. This design consideration is based on analysis of previous studies (see Background section), and a desire to fold data from every visit into the primary analysis, rather than generating an excessive number of secondary endpoints.

Condition Diabetic Foot Infection, Non-healing Wound, Non-healing Diabetic Foot Ulcer
Treatment Standard Care, TTAX01
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04450693
SponsorTissue Tech Inc.
Last Modified on24 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

The subject has signed the informed consent form
The subject is male or female, at least 18 years of age inclusive at the date of Screening
The subject has confirmed diagnosis of Type I or Type II diabetes
The subject's index ulcer is located on the plantar surface, inter digital, heel, lateral or medial surface of the foot
The subject has an index ulcer with visible margins having an area ≤ 12.0 cm2 when measured by the electronic measuring device at Screening
The subject's index ulcer extends beyond the dermis, into subcutaneous tissue with evidence of exposed bone, tendon, muscle and/or joint capsule
The subject presents with history, signs or symptoms leading to a clinical suspicion of osteomyelitis in the opinion of the Investigator supported by positive Probe to Bone (PTB) and any of the following: radiographic (X-ray, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), or bone scan) or evidence of bone necrosis
The subject has an Ankle-Brachial Index ≥ 0.7 to ≤ 1.3 or TcPO2 ≥ 40 mmHg on the dorsum of the affected foot, or Great Toe Pressure ≥ 50 mmHg
The subject is under the care of a physician for the management of Diabetes Mellitus
The subject is willing to return for all mandatory visits as defined in the protocol
The subject is willing to follow the instructions of the trial Investigator

Exclusion Criteria

The subject's index ulcer is primarily located on the dorsal surface of the foot
The subject's index ulcer can be addressed by primary closure through the completion of the initial or staged surgical procedure
The subject has a contralateral major amputation of the lower extremity
The subject has a glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of > 12% †
The subject has been on oral steroid use of > 7.5 mg daily for greater than seven (7) consecutive days in 30 days before Screening
The subject has been on parenteral corticosteroids, or any cytotoxic agents for seven consecutive days in the period of 30 days before Screening
The subject is currently taking the type 2 diabetes medicine canagliflozin (Invokana™, Invokamet™, Invokamet XR™)
The subject has malignancy or a history of cancer, other than non-melanoma skin cancer, in five years before Screening
The subject is pregnant
The subject is a nursing mother
The subject is a woman of child-bearing potential who is unwilling to avoid pregnancy or use an appropriate form of birth control (adequate birth control methods are defined as: topical, oral, implantable, or injectable contraceptives; spermicide in conjunction with a barrier such as a condom or diaphragm; intrauterine contraceptive device; or surgical sterilization of partner)
The subject is unable to sustain off-loading as defined by the protocol
The subject has an allergy to primary or secondary dressing materials used in this trial
The subject has an allergy to glycerol
The subject's index ulcer is over an acute Charcot deformity
The subject has had previous use of NEOX®, CLARIX®, or TTAX01 applied to the index ulcer
Per Investigator's discretion the subject is not appropriate for inclusion in the trial, e.g., undergoing surgical treatments listed in the protocol or the subject currently has sepsis, i.e., life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection
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