Healthy Diet Rich in Potassium to Chronic Kidney Disease With Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate: A Feasibility Study

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    36
  • sponsor
    Karolinska Institutet
Updated on 27 January 2021

Summary

This is a descriptive single arm open-label interventional trial lasting 6 weeks aiming to test if a low protein healthy K-rich diet with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts with concomitant use of new potassium binder (SZC) can be safely prescribed to patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 4 and 5 with hyperkalemia. Thirty adult CKD patients with hyperkalemia will be included. In the first 3 weeks of the study the plasma K will be normalized with the use of SZC and then the participants will receive a fruit basket during 3 weeks. SZC will be continued thru out the study. Primary end points will be changes in patient satisfaction with treatment, patient symptom list, and intake of energy and protein before and after the stabilization and healthy diet phase. Secondary outcomes will include changes in quality of life, obstipation and circulating gut microbiota-related uremic toxins.

Description

Feasibility, descriptive single arm open-label interventional trial lasting 6 weeks. The study will recruit 36 CKD patients at the outpatient clinic with: age between 18 to 85 years; glomerular filtration rate < 29 ml/min/1.73 m2 and not on dialysis; serum K > 5.1 mmol/L or in previous use of sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) to decrease serum K levels, and who develops hyperkalemia after SPS is ceased. Patients with serum K > 6.5 mmol/ and those likely to start dialysis within 2 months, with inflammatory bowel syndrome or with a history of hypokalemia (<3.0 mmol/L) will not be included. Primary end points will be changes in patient satisfaction with treatment, patient symptom list, and intake of energy and protein before and after the stabilization and healthy diet phase. Secondary outcomes will include changes in quality of life, obstipation and circulating gut microbiota-related uremic toxins. Intervention: In the first 3 weeks, representing stabilization phase, SZC will be prescribed to normalize plasma potassium to 3.5 to 5.0 mml/L, and a diet with energy 25-35 kcal/kg/day and protein 0.6 to 0.8 g/kg/day and with low K content will be prescribed by a renal dietitian. At the end of the first 3 weeks, the patients will be instructed to keep the diet with same content of energy and initiate a healthy diet containing 3700 to 4000 mg/potassium for 3 weeks (healthy diet phase). In order to increase adherence, a food basket containing fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, white meat, fish and eggs in amounts adequate for the patient and the family will be provided. Serum K will be monitored to promote serum K between 3.5 to 5.0 mmol/L and adjustments in the dose of SZC will be performed according to the drug label. Blood measurements, questionnaires related to quality of life and intestinal obstipation and measurements of nutritional intake will be performed in the beginning and at the end of the stabilization phase and again in the beginning and end of the healthy diet phase. Additionally, during stabilization and healthy diet phases, serum K will be measured every 72 hours until serum K is normalized and after that, once per week.

Details
Condition Hyperkalemia, Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease stage4, Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 5, CKD Stage 5
Treatment sodium zirconium cyclosilicate and healthy diet
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04207203
SponsorKarolinska Institutet
Last Modified on27 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 18 yrs and 85 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Chronic Kidney Disease stage4 or Hyperkalemia or CKD Stage 5 or Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 5 or Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease?
Do you have any of these conditions: Chronic Kidney Disease stage4 or Hyperkalemia or Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 5 or Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD Stage 5?
Do you have any of these conditions: CKD Stage 5 or Hyperkalemia or Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease or Chronic Kidney Disease stage4 or Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 5?
age between 18 to 85 years; glomerular filtration rate < 29 ml/min/1.73 m2 and not on dialysis; serum K > 5.1 mmol/L or in previous use of sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) to decrease serum K levels, and who develops hyperkalemia after SPS is ceased

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with serum K > 6.5 mmol/ and those likely to start dialysis within 2 months, with inflammatory bowel syndrome or with a history of hypokalemia (<3.0 mmol/L). Pregnant women
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