Personalized Targeted Preparative Regimen Before T-depleted Allogeneic HSCT in Children With Chemoresistent Acute Leukemias

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 26, 2022
  • participants needed
    25
  • sponsor
    Federal Research Institute of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology
Updated on 26 January 2021

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficiency of personalized targeted therapy in combination with high-dose chemotherapy as part of a preparative regimen before T-depleted allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children with chemoresistant acute leukemias

Description

The outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in a cohort of children with chemorefractory leukemia is poor. The incidence of relapse exceeds 50% and survival varies from 10 to 40%. Additional attempts at remission induction with various combinations of chemotherapy are unlikely to improve the outcome and will contribute to toxicity.

The hypothesis of the study is that personalized targeted therapy combined with high-dose chemotherapy may improve the outcome of allogeneic HSCT in a cohort of pediatric patients with refractory leukemia.

Bcl-2, CD38, CD184 were chosen as potential targets due to frequent expression in pediatric acute leukemias, availability of marketed targeted therapies venetoclax, daratumumab and prelixafor, and expected non-overlapping toxicity profile of these agents and the conditioning regimen.

Details
Condition Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia, refractory acute myeloid leukemia (aml)
Treatment Preparative Regimen
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04000698
SponsorFederal Research Institute of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Ability to give informed consent (for patients > 14 years old). For subjects < 18 years old their legal guardian must give informed consent
Disease stage
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), relapsed or refractory, failure to achieve hematologic remission after at least to courses of intensive chemotherapy, including at least one course with high-dose AraC and fludarabine
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), relapsed or refractory, failure to achieve hematologic remission after at least two high-dose therapy blocks
Patient eligible for current hematopoietic stem cell transplantation protocol
The BCL-2 expression must be detected on greater than 30% of tumor cells (AML and ALL) by flow cytometry
CD38 expression must be detected on greater than 30% of tumor cells (AML and ALL) by flow cytometry
CD184
Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease at the time of enrollment, which may include any evidence of disease including minimal residual disease detected by flow cytometry, cytogenetics, or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis
Patient Clinical Performance Status: Karnofsky >50% or Lansky >50%
Patient Life Expectancy >12 weeks
Patients who agree to long-term follow up for up to 5 years

Exclusion Criteria

Age >25 years
Patients with uncontrolled infections
Clearance of creatinine < 70 ml/min
Cardiac ejection fraction < 40%
Patients who can perform pulmonary function tests will be excluded if they have a diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (corrected for hemoglobin) of < 50% predicted; patients who are unable to perform pulmonary function tests will be excluded if the oxygen (O2) saturation is < 92% on room air
Patients who have liver function test (LFTs) (including total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase [AST] and alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) >= twice the upper limit of normal
Karnofsky/Lansky Scale <70%
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