Does Treatment of Androgen Excess Using Spironolactone Improve Ovulatory Rates in Girls With Androgen Excess? (CBS009)

  • End date
    Sep 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Virginia
Updated on 4 October 2022
testosterone level


Adolescent girls with androgen excess have a higher rate of irregular periods and decreased ovulation rates compared to normal girls, and are considered at-risk for developing polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This pilot study will look at whether giving spironolactone might improve ovulation rates in girls with androgen excess, ages 13-19. If this is true, spironolactone treatment to young girls might prevent PCOS from developing and avoid future infertility.


This is a non-randomized, clinical pilot study testing whether 16 weeks of spironolactone improves ovulation rates in post-menarcheal girls with androgen excess. The investigators will recruit girls ages 13-19 with clinical or biochemical androgen excess (defined as hirsutism and/or elevated Tanner stage-specific free testosterone concentrations) who are 4 to 6 years post-menarche. Girls will keep a menstrual diary and collect twice weekly saliva samples for progesterone and estradiol for 16 weeks before and for 16 weeks during spironolactone (if ≤ 60 kg, 50 mg twice daily; if > 60 kg, 100 mg twice daily [1.7-3.3 mg/kg/24 hr]) use. Girls will be asked to continue to collect saliva twice weekly for progesterone and estradiol testing for an additional 16 weeks after discontinuation of spironolactone and to continue menstrual diaries off of study medication for 12 additional months to assess persistence of any spironolactone effect. Ovulation events will be counted per 100 days based on definitive rises in salivary progesterone. The primary outcome will be changes in ovulation rate during spironolactone use compared to baseline. Changes in menstrual regularity via inter-menstrual interval will also be assessed as a secondary outcome of spironolactone administration. Another secondary outcome will be changes in acne and/or hirsutism.

Condition Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Puberty Disorders, Ovulation Disorder
Treatment Spironolactone
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04075149
SponsorUniversity of Virginia
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Girls age 13 - 19 years, with clinical or biochemical HA (defined as hirsutism and/or elevated Tanner stage-specific free testosterone concentrations) that are 4-6 years post-menarche
Screening labs within age-appropriate normal range
Volunteers who are 18-19 y old must be willing and able to provide written informed consent
When the subject is a minor (i.e., age < 18 y), the subject and custodial parents must be willing and able to provide written informed assent and consent, respectively
Willingness to strictly avoid pregnancy (using non-hormonal methods) during the time of study

Exclusion Criteria

Age < 13 or > 19 y
Girls ≤ 3 years and ≥ 7 years post-menarche will be excluded
Being a study of androgen excess in adolescent girls with HA, men and boys are excluded
Inability to comprehend what will be done during the study or why it will be done
Precocious puberty (breast development before age 7)
Primary amenorrhea (no menses by age 16)
BMI-for-age < 5th percentile
Patients currently enrolled in another research protocol will be excluded, except for those enrolled in IRB-HSR 17633 DENND1A
Obesity due to genetic syndrome (e.g. Prader-Willi syndrome)
Cushing syndrome
Positive pregnancy test or lactation. Subjects with a positive pregnancy test will be informed of the result by the screening physician. Under Virginia law, parental notification is not required for minors. However, the screening physician will encourage them to tell their parent(s) and counsel them about the importance of appropriate prenatal care and counseling. We will arrange follow-up for them at the Teen Health Clinic at the University of Virginia or their primary care physician's office in a timely manner
Diabetes mellitus
History of congenital adrenal hyperplasia or 17-hydroxyprogesterone > 300 ng/dL in the follicular phase, which suggests the possibility of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. NOTE: If a 17-hydroxyprogesterone > 300 ng/dL is confirmed on repeat testing, and ACTH-stimulated 17-hydroxyprogesterone < 1000 ng/dL will be required for study participation
Total testosterone > 150 ng/dL
Abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) for age. Subjects with adequately treated hypothyroidism, reflected by normal TSH values, will not be excluded
Abnormal sodium, potassium, or bicarbonate concentrations, or elevated creatine concentration (confirmed on repeat)
Subjects must not take exogenous steroids or any medications known to affect the reproductive axis or glucose metabolism for 3 months prior to the study (or in the 2 months prior to screening). Such medications include oral contraceptives, progestins, metformin, glucocorticoids, and antipsychotic medications
If sexually active, subjects will be required to abstain and/or use barrier forms of contraception during the study
Note: Abnormal laboratory studies may be confirmed by repeat testing to exclude laboratory
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