Impact of Teeth Extraction on Inflammation Marker's Levels in Patients Who Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    38
  • sponsor
    University of Trieste
Updated on 29 November 2022

Summary

The aim of this study is to examine effects of dental treatments, surgical (extractions) and non-surgical procedures (non-surgical periodontal therapy), on serum levels for PCR, WBCs and PCT in patients needing a dental remediation before undergoing cardiac surgery.

Description

Introduction. The association between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease is already established. Chronic inflammation of periodontal tissues primes the release of inflammatory markers such as: PCR, IL-1, IL-6 and TNF alpha and also,an even more accurate marker, procalcitonin (PCT).

Aim. The aim of this study is to examine effects of dental treatments, surgical (extractions) and non-surgical procedures (non-surgical periodontal therapy), on serum levels for PCR, WBCs and PCT in patients needing a dental remediation before undergoing cardiac surgery.

Materials and methods. This study is designed to be a clinical trial. 38 patients will be recruited at the Cardiological Center at Cattinara Hospital (ASUITS) and they will be treated in Maxillofacial Surgery and Stomatology Clinic at Major Hospital (ASUITS). Inclusion criteria: adult age, consciousness and willingness to sign an informed consent, anamnestic history of cardiovascular disease, also needing cardiac surgery and dental reclamation, stage 3-4 grade B-C for periodontal disease diagnosed . Exclusion criteria: pregnancy, genetic dysmorphisms which have an impact on the periodontal health status (Down Syndrome), diabetes or immune system disorders, HIV, hardly smoking, blood disorders, urgent cardiac surgery or a too large dental remediation to be performed in just 2 dental sessions, patients who underwent dental treatments in the previous 2 months. At baseline, all patients will undergo blood tests (blood cell count, PCR, PCT and WBC count), periodontal analysis (FMPS, FMBS and PISA index recording), orthopantomography and anamnestic record. Afterwards they will be assigned, randomly following a 1:1 ratio to Gruppo1 (fullmouth disinfection therapy + extractions all in one session) or Gruppo2 (fullmouth disinfection therapy and after one week extractions). All patients will undergo blood chemistry tests (CPR, PCT, WBC) after 1, 7 and 14 days.

Statistical analysis. All data will be presented as a mean and standard deviation, unless another method will be specified. After the control of parametric data distribution we will proceed with the statistical analysis of the different biomarkers recorded over time by ANOVA for repeated measurements and by t-test between the different groups in the same time intervals.

Details
Condition Thoracic Surgery, Gingivitis, heart surgery, Cardiac Surgery, Cardiac Surgery, cardiac operation
Treatment Tooth extractions, Tooth extractions
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04626011
SponsorUniversity of Trieste
Last Modified on29 November 2022

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