Cognitive Factors Mediating the Relationship Between Childhood Trauma and Auditory Hallucinations in Schizophrenia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 26, 2023
  • participants needed
    350
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Grenoble
Updated on 26 January 2021

Summary

BACKGROUND It is demonstrated that strong associations between trauma suffered in childhood and having schizophrenia, and more specifically to experience acoustic-verbal hallucinations (AVH). A second generation of research is currently examining the cognitive and affective processes likely to play a mediating role in this association. These mediators appear to include early maladaptive personality patterns and dissociative experiences. Although these factors have most often been explored separately, recent research indicates that they could be associated, and thus contribute to AVH. More specifically, another study has shown that the association between childhood trauma and predisposition to AVH is not direct but depends on cognitive factors including the impact of violence suffered during childhood on early maladaptive schemas and dissociation. However, this study was carried out on a non-clinical sample of subjects with a predisposition to AVH.

OBJECTIVES: testing a structural model of AVH, childhood trauma, early maladaptive schemas and dissociative symptoms in large multicentric sample of inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia and AVH (n=350). Secondary objectives are (i) test in the model the role of all the early patterns described by Jeffrey Young instead of targeting only the schemes that are part of the model tested in previous study as the one by Bortolon and colleagues, (ii) compare the quality of the adjustment of the confirmatory model to the quality of the adjustment of the exploratory model.

METHODS: one single visit in which subjects will receive self-reported questionnaires (Childhood trauma questionnaire, The Young schema questionnaire short form, Dissociative experiences scale, Launay-Slade hallucination scale and Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale.

ANALYSES: Structural equation model performed additional analysis using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling. The primary endpoint corresponds to significant associations between the variables. The quality of the model will be assessed using a fit quality measure. The secondary endpoints are significant associations between the different variables (p <0.05) and the model quality assessed with a quality measure of the fit.

MAIN HYPOTHESIS: the association between childhood trauma and predisposition to AVH is not direct, but depends on the impact of violence suffered during childhood on early maladaptive schemas and dissociative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.

Description

BACKGROUND A first generation of research has demonstrated strong associations between trauma suffered in childhood (physical, psychological and sexual violence) and having schizophrenia, and more specifically to experience "hearing voices" (acoustic-verbal hallucinations, AVH).

A second generation of research is currently examining the cognitive and affective processes likely to play a mediating role in this association. These mediators appear to include early maladaptive personality patterns and dissociative experiences. Although these factors have most often been explored separately, recent research indicates that they could be associated, and thus contribute to AVH. More specifically, another study has shown that the association between childhood trauma and predisposition to AVH is not direct but depends on cognitive factors including the impact of violence suffered during childhood on early maladaptive schemas (for example, interpersonal functioning centred on "subjugation", "abandonment", "vulnerability") and dissociation. However, this study was carried out on a non-clinical sample of subjects with a predisposition to AVH OBJECTIVES Here, aim is at testing a structural model of AVH, childhood trauma, early maladaptive schemas and dissociative symptoms in large sample of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and AVH (n=350).

Secondary objectives are (i) to carry out exploratory analyzes which will allow investigators to test in the model the role of all the early patterns described by Jeffrey Young instead of targeting only the schemes that are part of the model tested in previous study as the one by Bortolon and colleagues, (ii) compare the quality of the adjustment of the confirmatory model to the quality of the adjustment of the exploratory model.

METHODS

A cross-sectional, multicenter design (3 centres) will be performed. Patients included will be diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, and experience AVH at the time of the inclusion (n= 350). All will be inpatients. The study consists of one single visit in which the subjects will receive all the self-reported questionnaires to be completed:

  1. General information sheet (socio-demographic and clinical data)
  2. Questionnaire on traumatic childhood experiences: Childhood trauma questionnaire
  3. Questionnaire on early maladaptive schemas: The Young schema questionnaire short form
  4. Questionnaire about dissociative experiences: Dissociative experiences scale
  5. Questionnaire on hallucinations: Launay - Slade hallucination scale and Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale.

All questionnaires have been validated in French. ANALYSES Structural equation model performed additional analysis using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM).

The primary endpoint corresponds to significant associations (significance threshold <0.05) between the variables as in the model described by Bortolon and colleagues. The quality of the model (both measurement and structural model) will be assessed using a fit quality measure.

The secondary endpoints are significant associations between the different variables (p <0.05) and the model quality assessed with a quality measure of the fit.

HYPOTHESES It's hypothesized that the association between childhood trauma and predisposition to AVH is not direct, but depends on the impact of violence suffered during childhood on early maladaptive schemas (for example, interpersonal functioning centred on "subjugation", "abandonment", "vulnerability") and dissociative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.

Details
Condition Schizophrenia, Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorders, Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorders (Pediatric), Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorders, Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorders (Pediatric), schizophrenia disorders
Treatment Self-questionnaires battery, Socio-demographic screening
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04481217
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Grenoble
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder
Auditory hallucinations
Fluent in French
Gave informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Agitation or suicide risk
Involuntary Hospitalization
Neurologic condition
No informed consent
Clear my responses

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