The Potential of Oral Camostat in Early COVID-19 Disease in an Ambulatory Setting to Reduce Viral Load and Disease Burden

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jan 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    150
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Ghent
Updated on 2 September 2021

Summary

The investigators are conducting a pilot trial where they will study safety, efficacy and compliance in a cohort of ambulatory patients in the Ghent region with confirmed COVID-19 infection, in both an early stage of disease, defined as less than 5 days of symptoms and who at presentation do not meet any criteria for hospitalisation as well as asymptomatic individuals with a PCR CT value below 30.

The primary endpoint is to assess the efficacy of the drug in terms of change from day 0 to day 5 in respiratory (oropharyngeal swab RT-PCR) log10 viral load.

The aim of the study is to assess whether Camostat, a serine protease inhibitor available in an oral formulation has the potential to be studied as an antiviral drug in a large scale ambulatory setting to prevent transmission by decreasing viral load, to prevent symptoms after exposure (PEP) in asymptomatic individuals or to prevent disease progression in the occurrence of early symptomatology.

Description

Core study After eligibility assessment participants will be randomized and will receive the study drugs. We will define D1 as the first dose of the medication which can be the morning, midday or evening dose. They will be treated for 5 consecutive days.

In patients with a positive PCR at D5 (CT value with threshold below 30) and/or presence of clinical symptoms after exclusion of hospitalization criteria (flowchart emergency department appendix 4), the treatment will be extended up to D10 at the same dosage in both treatment arms for 5 consecutive days: D6 and D10).

Follow-up will be as follows:

  • D1->D14 (D28): The study participants will be asked to fill in daily questionnaires assessing symptoms (cfr daily self-score). They will receive a kit enabling to monitor heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), temperature and oxygen saturation 3 times per day (every 4-8 hours, preferentially at the timing of medication intake at D1 to D5 or D10).
  • Compliance and tolerance will be assessed during the treatment period, D0->D5 (or D0->D10 if the treatment is prolonged).
  • During the study D1-D28: If indicated in the opinion of the investigator, a physical exam and biochemistry will be performed through a consultation at the clinic. This can be requested at any time during the study based on clinical symptoms or signs.
  • Consultation at D0, D5, (D10) and D28 at our COVID consultation facility. This will be done by a study nurse and/or a study physician.

Details
Condition COVID19
Treatment Placebo, Camostat
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04625114
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Ghent
Last Modified on2 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Aged 18
Willing to participate and fill out a daily symptom diary
Willing to take the parameters such as blood oxygenation and temperature
Willing to attend follow-up visits both by phone as at the clinic
Capable of understanding the commitment in the trial
Signed informed consent
Signs and symptoms suggestive of COVID disease in absence of hospitalization criteria as defined by the flowchart used at the emergency department of our institution (appendix 4), present for maximum 5 days and confirmed by PCR
OR documented COVID-19 infection by PCR with CT value below the threshold of 30 in asymptomatic individuals
For women of childbearing potential: they should be willing to use highly effective method of contraception during treatment and until the end of study defined as having a failure rate of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly
Such methods include
combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception
associated with inhibition of ovulation: oral, intravaginal or transdermal
progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation: oral, injectable or implantable
intrauterine device (IUD) and intrauterine hormone-releasing system ( IUS)
bilateral tubal occlusion
vasectomised partner
sexual abstinence
For men of reproductive potential: condom should be used as contraception during treatment and until the end of study when having a partner of childbearing potential
a woman is considered of childbearing potential (WOCBP), i.e. fertile, following menarche and until becoming post-menopausal unless permanently sterile. Permanent sterilisation methods include hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy and bilateral oophorectomy. A postmenopausal state is defined as no menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. A high follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level in the postmenopausal range may be used to confirm a post-menopausal state in women not using hormonal contraception or hormonal replacement therapy. However in the absence of 12 months of amenorrhea, a single FSH measurement is insufficient
a man is considered fertile after puberty unless permanently sterile by bilateral orchidectomy

Exclusion Criteria

Inability to make a decision to participate
Pregnant or breast feeding
Inability to take oral medication
Inability to provide informed written consent
Known hypersensitivity towards Camostat or other Serine protease inhibitors
Any condition that, in the Investigator's opinion, prevents adequate compliance with study therapy
Any COVID infection at risk for hospitalisation as described in the emergency department flowchart (cfr appendix 4)
With regard to exclusion of women of child-bearing potential, women who tell us they know they are pregnant are excluded. All women of child-bearing potential who test positive for pregnancy by urine test at first visit are excluded
Severe chronic pancreatitis requiring suction of gastric juice, fasting or abstention from drinking
Postoperative reflux oesophagitis due to reflux or gastric juice
Postoperative reflux oesophagitis (if improvement of symptoms is not observed)
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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