Hyperfine Portable MRI in Hydrocephalus and Other Conditions Prompting Outpatient Brain Imaging

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 22, 2022
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    University of Pennsylvania
Updated on 22 March 2022

Summary

Participants with known or suspected hydrocephalus will receive brain scans using the Hyperfine, low field strength, portable, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system in addition to their scheduled outpatient standard of care clinical computed tomography (CT) or MRI scan. The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using the Hyperfine system in an outpatient setting and to compare its diagnostic performance to standard clinical imaging.

Outpatients with other known or suspected neurological disorders or conditions prompting routine clinical brain imaging with MRI or CT will also be enrolled and the diagnostic performance of low field scans compared to that of the same day standard of care clinical imaging.

Description

Hydrocephalus is a medical condition in which an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) causes the fluid-filled spaces of the brain, the ventricles, to become enlarged. Enlarged ventricles and increased intracranial pressure can cause headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, cognitive impairment, gait disturbances and in severe cases even brain herniation or death. A tube or shunt can be inserted into the ventricles to drain the CSF either outside the body temporarily or into the abdominal cavity for long-term treatment. Sometimes such shunts need to be adjusted or replaced if fluid re-accumulates. Medical imaging scans, either computer tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are used to diagnose hydrocephalus in adults and children.

The purpose of this pilot study is to assess the performance of a newly developed, portable, low-cost MRI machine (Hyperfine MRI) in diagnosing and following patients with hydrocephalus in comparison to routine clinical CT or MRI. Outpatients with known or suspected hydrocephalus with or without ventricular shunts will be recruited to undergo Hyperfine MRI in conjunction with their routine clinical imaging. We will evaluate both the feasibility and acceptability of using the Hyperfine unit in the outpatient setting as well as the performance of Hyperfine MRI images in identifying hydrocephalus and other key brain imaging features relative to routine CT and MRI.

Outpatients with other known or suspected neurological disorders or conditions prompting routine clinical brain imaging with MRI or CT will also be enrolled and the diagnostic performance of low field scans compared to that of the same day standard of care clinical imaging.

Details
Condition Hydrocephalus, Neurological Disorder
Treatment Hyperfine MRI scan
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04436068
SponsorUniversity of Pennsylvania
Last Modified on22 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 18 years or older
Suspected or confirmed diagnosis of hydrocephalus from Penn referring physician
Other suspected or confirmed neurological disorder from Penn referring physician
Routine clinical CT or MRI of the brain scheduled/obtained on the same day as Hyperfine imaging
Informed consent obtained from patient or legally authorized representative

Exclusion Criteria

Contraindications to routine 1.5T MRI evaluation, including electrical implants such as cardiac pacemakers or perfusion pumps, ferromagnetic implants such as aneurysm clips, surgical clips, protheses, artificial hearts or heart valves with steel parts, metal fragments, shrapnel, tattoos near the eye, steel implants, or other irremovable ferromagnetic objects
History of uncontrolled seizures
Claustrophobia
Weight greater than or equal to 400lbs (181.4kg)
Pregnancy
Inability or suspected inability to comply with the study procedures
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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