Tele-rehabilitation Versus Home Exercise Program in COVID-19

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    Koç University
Updated on 26 January 2021


The aim of the study is to investigate the potential effects of face-to-face supervised tele-rehabilitation to home exercise program on walking speed, handgrip strength, muscle endurance, quality of life, physical activity level and perceived respiratory disability in COVID-19 patients who hospitalized in ICU due to ARDS and discharged from hospital.


COVID-19 could cause respiratory distress in a minority of cases and requires intensive care and mechanical ventilation. When patients recover and are discharged from hospital, physical, cognitive and emotional complications known as post-intensive care syndrome is seen in the majority of patients and requires rehabilitation.

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a comprehensive intervention consists of assessment of patient, exercise training and education in order to improve physical and psychological condition of people with chronic respiratory disease.

The patients with COVID-19 with post-intensive care syndrome will be randomized two groups: Tele-rehabilitation group and home exercise group. There will not be a non-exercising control group due to the ethical issues. The exercise program of both groups will be prescribed by a physiatrist based on the physical examination and the functional capacity of the patients.

Tele-rehabilitation group will perform the exercise program 3 days/week for 10 weeks. One session will include aerobic, flexibility and strengthening exercises for lower and upper extremity and breathing exercise.

The trainings will start with low-intensity exercises and intensity and duration of the exercises will progress according to the condition of the patient.

Intensity of the exercises will be monitored by Borg scale based on dyspnea and exertion symptoms during the sessions.

Home exercise group will perform the exercises at their home on their own, 3 days/week for 10 weeks. The patients will be trained about the individualised exercise program as the first session provided at the hospital. The physiotherapist will call the patients weekly, modifications in the exercise program will be made according to the patient's reports.

Outcomes will be measured at baseline, within 1 week of completion the program, 6th months and 12th months following the rehabilitation.

Condition Pulmonary Rehabilitation, *COVID-19, Covid-19, rehabilitation pulmonary
Treatment Home exercise, Remote controlled exercise
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04482634
SponsorKoç University
Last Modified on26 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

To be older than 18 years
To be discharged from ICU with a diagnosis of ARDS or severe pneumonia due to COVID-19
To have ability to walk independently

Exclusion Criteria

To have dementia or cognitive impairment, symptomatic psychiatric illness, hearing or visual impairment that might interfere to follow the instructions
To have a severe co-morbidity that exercise is contraindicated
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