PDE6A Gene Therapy for Retinitis Pigmentosa

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 26, 2025
  • participants needed
    9
  • sponsor
    STZ eyetrial
Updated on 26 January 2021
gene therapy
other disease

Summary

The PDE6A gene encodes a subunit of the rod phosphodiesterase. The loss of this enzyme function leads to a chronically elevated cGMP level which causes an increased calcium inflow into the cell and thereby the hyperactivation of cell death pathways. The goal of the PIGMENT study is to develop, produce and investigate a recombinant adeno-associated viral (AAV) gene transfer vector for the curative therapy of PDE6A-linked retinitis pigmentosa in patients, in order to counteract their disease progression and to stop further impairment of visual function. The vector is given with a single subretinal injection.

Description

"PIGMENT - Subretinal PDE6A gene therapy for retinitis pigmentosa" is an open mono-center, phase I/IIa trial with fellow-eye comparison.

The study begins with a detailed preliminary examination (Screening), comprises a total of 13 visits and ends after one year. In between, after the gene therapy injection (injection of the vector under the retina with one of four doses), regular controls are carried out at the Center for Ophthalmology Tbingen. Monitoring will be contimued after the first year, once a year two, three, four and five years after the injection. The study will take place exclusively at the Center for Ophthalmology in Tbingen and involves nine patients.

All patients participating in this study receive treatment, i.e. there is no placebo or sham treatment group. A 30-day safety distance is maintained between each patient and each group. An independent committee will decide, after each injection of three patients, which dose the following three patients will receive.

Patients can benefit from the treatment by slowing or stopping the loss of the rods and allowing them to function to a certain extent. Therefore, a possible benefit for patients may be that the vision problems will be improved by gene therapy. Such improvements could improve the overall quality of life and well-being. However, as no experience with gene therapy for retinitis pigmentosa in humans has yet been gained, we cannot promise any improvement. Within the scope of this study, patients will be given particularly intensive care and psychological support will also be offered in order to do everything for the patient's well-being and health during the study.

Time Schedule: Start of trial Q3/2019 (FPFV), end of recruitment Q3/2020, end of trial Q4/2025 (LPLV), duration of trial per patient: one year with four years of follow-up. The final study report will be prepared after completion of the four year follow-up period (5 years after treatment).

Details
Condition Retinitis Pigmentosa, Retinitis Pigmentosa
Treatment subretinal injection of rAAV.hPDE6A
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04611503
SponsorSTZ eyetrial
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

clinical diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa
confirmed mutation in PDE6A gene
years of age
visual acuity 20/400
no infection with Human Immundeficiency Virus (HIV)
negative pregnancy test in women with childbearing potential (a woman who is two years post-menopausal or surgically sterile is not considered to be of childbearing potential)
Male patients must agree to use condoms during the first 6 months post treatment
Female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective method of birth control during the first 6 months post treatment
ability to understand and willingness to consent to study protocol

Exclusion Criteria

Ocular (study eye & fellow eye)
additional interfering ocular conditions with impact on study results (e.g. ocular opacity and advanced cataract, uveitis, amblyopia)
recent (6 months) ocular surgery, intravitreal or subretinal implantation of a medical device
disease causing mutations in another known retinitis pigmentosa gene
ocular infection with herpes simplex virus in medical history
history of ocular malignancies
disorders of the internal retina (e.g. retinal detachment in the patients history)
glaucoma defined as damage of the optic nerve
vascular retinal occlusion
diabetic patients suffering from retinopathy and/or macula edema
any other retinopathy due to other diseases e.g. (but not limited to) arterial hypertension, trauma or acquired inflammatory diseases (uveitis serology), contraindication to pharmacological mydriasis (e.g. history of angle block glaucoma)
absence of visual function on the contralateral eye Systemic
systemic conditions (e.g. coronary heart disease, autoimmune disorders) which may affect study participation or outcome measures
History of poorly controlled Diabetes Mellitus type 1 or type 2
systemic illness or medically relevant abnormal laboratory values in blood analysis including renal and hepatic functions at inclusion
patients treated with oral corticoids within 14 days prior inclusion
current or recent participation in other study/or administration of biologic agent within the last three months
known sensitivity to any compound used in the study
contraindications to systemic immunosuppression
contraindications in view of the planned surgery (e.g. but not limited to anaemia Hb<10g/dl, coagulopathy with PT/PTT >1,5 fold upper limit, hypertension with values above 180 mmHg systolic and 110 mmHg diastolic) including intolerance and contraindications to general anaesthesia
intolerance to contrast agents used for diagnostic methods like angiography with fluoresceine or indocyanine green (e.g. but not limited to hyperthyroidism, hepatic insufficiency)
subject/partner of childbearing potential unwilling to use adequate contraception for four months
nursing or pregnant women
any other cause that, in the investigator's opinion, renders potential subjects not suitable for the study
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