Remote Patient Management of CIEDs - Brady Devices (RPM CIED Brady)

  • End date
    Mar 31, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Ratika Parkash
Updated on 4 October 2022


While remote monitoring (RM) technology is currently available and has permitted surveillance and device assessment from any patient location, the use has been inconsistent in Canada, where only 8500 out of a potential 120 000 patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are enrolled in this program. This technology is in widespread use worldwide for all CIEDs but in Canada, it is utilized primarily for implantable defibrillators, but not pacemakers. Whereas most of the trials were designed to evaluate the efficacy of RM in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients, in the pacemaker (PM) population, there has been work performed already to demonstrate an increase in detection of frequency of adverse clinical events and a reduction in reaction time to those events by RM. Based on all the available literature, it appears that RM benefits both patients and healthcare systems. Overall, studies have demonstrated that RM can be used safely in all device patient-populations, with the exception of pacemaker-dependent patients.

There have been no studies that have evaluated RM only follow up, nor have there been any studies evaluating pacemaker-dependent patients. This study that will safely assess the use of RM only, with in-clinic visits when necessary, that uses the patient-centered electronic platform developed by the Cardiac Arrhythmia Network of Canada (CANet) to perform PM follow up safely, in a more cost-effective manner.


This is a Canadian multicenter randomized controlled trial to assess remote patient management. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion, stratified by pacemaker dependence and by center to either remote patient management of standard of care.

Remote patient management (intervention group):

  • Patients will be followed by remote monitoring only. Transmissions will occur at six monthly intervals, with no in-clinic visits. If there is an actionable event on the remote transmission, patients will be seen at their closest community device clinic. The proposed intervention would eliminate any routine visits.
  • Newly implanted pacemaker patients will be seen after the initial implant at the hub site, within 48 hours and then within 3 months to optimize programming for subsequent RM visits. Thereafter, all follow-up will occur through remote monitoring every six months. Unscheduled remote transmissions may also occur. Using a combination of remote monitoring, and novel technology, VIRTUES, patients will be managed outside of the clinic.
  • Patients will be provided with real-time knowledge of success of their remote transmission and the status of the remote through a web-based portal called VIRTUES.
  • Virtual patient record - all patient information in the intervention arm will be contained within an information cloud that will be accessible by patients; access to their own data may be granted by the patient themselves to permit delivery of care remotely, and to permit after hours follow up to be performed by the on call personnel.

Standard of care (comparison group):

The standard arm will be required to have in-clinic visits at yearly intervals. These patients would not have access to the virtual patient cloud or to remote monitoring.

Pacemaker programming: All patients in both arms will undergo programming as per the ASSERT II protocol (previously published) to optimize pacemaker parameters and detection of atrial and ventricular high rate episodes.

Condition Pacemaker
Treatment Standard of Care, Remote Monitoring
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03636230
SponsorRatika Parkash
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with a Medtronic or Abbott pacemaker capable of remote monitoring
Able to provide consent
Access to a Smartphone or Tablet

Exclusion Criteria

No access to a family physician or general practioner
Unreliable autocapture function by device in pacemaker dependent patients
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