Ba Duan Jin in Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • End date
    Nov 30, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Children's Hospital of Fudan University
Updated on 22 July 2022
attention deficit disorder
impulsive behavior


This study is designed to test if Baduanjin training can reduce the hyperactive-impulsive symptoms of children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to routine excise. Investigators will also evaluate if the Baduanjin training will positively affect Chinese Traditional Medicine (TCM) symptoms compared to controls and if these impacts are related to the change of the executive function.


ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity, resulting in functional impairment in multiple settings. The prevalence in China is estimated to be 6.26%. From the point of Chinese Traditional Medicine (TCM), ADHD can be divided into 4 categories according to the symptom differentiation in TCM.

Aerobic exercise is known to improve executive function (EF) performance, which is known as the core deficit of ADHD, therefore reduce ADHD symptoms. Aerobic exercise with the component of self-control and development of character is reported to improve EF.

Baduanjin is one of the aerobic exercises that has been handed down since the northern song dynasty, serving as Chinese physical and breathing exercises. The eight movements of Baduanjin are required to be gentle, slow, elastic and appropriate which not only require the practitioner to control physical activity but also require a combination of cognitive activities. Researchers found that Baduanjin has a positive protective effect on cognitive function such as selective attention in patients with mild cognitive impairment adults.

Therefore, investigators designed the Baduanjin training system. This is a combination of a physical and cognitive training program and a video game with a motivation system, interesting and engaging for children with ADHD to practice on.

Condition Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Treatment Baduanjin practice, Regular physical exercise
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04282460
SponsorChildren's Hospital of Fudan University
Last Modified on22 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosed with ADHD, Combined Presentation or Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation
Doctor rated SNAP-IV Hyperactivity/Impulsivity score≥12
Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient>=80 (Wechsler intelligence scale for children-IV)
Resident in Shanghai,Zhejiang province and Jiangsu province, parents and children agree to participate in the intervention

Exclusion Criteria

Using psychiatric medication other than methylphenidate
Attending any other type of regular physical exercises except the gym class in school during the intervention period
Accepting any type of psychological treatment during the intervention
Comorbid with epileptic disorder or other existing physical disorder, Tourette syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorder, learning disorder, mood disorder, psychiatric disorder, or under suicidal risk
Attending any other clinical research at the same time
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