Allocetra-OTS in COVID-19 Phase II

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    23
  • participants needed
    24
  • sponsor
    Hadassah Medical Organization
Updated on 25 January 2021

Summary

This is a multi-center, open-label study evaluating the safety of Allocetra-OTS, in up to 24 subjects with severe COVID-19 and respiratory dysfunction. Subjects, who will be identified as suffering from COVID-19, will be recruited.

After signing an informed consent by the patient and, within 24+6 hours following the time of eligibility (time 0), on Day 1, eligible recipient subjects will receive single intravenous (IV) administration of investigational product as described below.

Subjects will be hospitalized for COVID-19, and later as medically indicated. Following the investigational product (IP) administration (Day 1), subjects will be followed for efficacy and safety assessments through 28 days.

Description

Study Rationale

COVID-19, the name given to the clinical syndrome associated with the newly recognized virus SARS-CoV-2, has become pandemic with a mortality estimated between 1-4% and complications among hospitalized patients leading to up to 15-25% of hospital admissions being admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU).

The term "cytokine storm" calls up vivid images of an immune system gone awry and an inflammatory response flaring out of control. The term has captured the attention of the public and the scientific community alike and is increasingly being used in both the popular media and the scientific literature. Indeed, a few publications have indicated an important part of the complications in COVID-19 are related to the cytokine storm (Huang et al. Lancet 2020, Mehta et al. Lancet 2020).

In a clinical study conducted in sepsis patients with Allocetra-OTS (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03925857) we observed that administration of Allocetra-OTS to patients with sepsis was safe and had a significant immuno-modulating effect, leading to resolution of the cytokine storm in these patients. There were indications that this treatment may also be efficacious, based on comparisons with mortality score prediction and historical matched-controls, and the resolution of organ dysfunction compared to matched historical controls.

A recent study published by Zou et al (Lancet 2020) showed increasing odds of in-hospital death in these COVID-19 patients associated with older age and higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score on admission.

Taken together, in patients with severe COVID-19, there may be a comparable underlying immunological mechanism of action as was recently demonstrated by us in sepsis; that is a hyper-inflammatory pathway associated with increased death. Therefore, a study of 5 patients was designed to determine the safety of this treatment in patients with severe COVID-19 and was approved by the Ministry of Health Ethical Committee. Based on the approved protocol, the intermediate clinical results of this trial show that the drug is safe and promising.

Study Design

This is a multi-center, open-label study evaluating the safety of Allocetra-OTS, in up to 24 adult patients with severe COVID-19 and respiratory dysfunction. Subjects, who will be identified as suffering from COVID-19, will be recruited.

After signing an informed consent by the patient and, within 24+6 hours following the time of eligibility (time 0), on Day 1, eligible recipient subjects will receive single intravenous (IV) administration of investigational product as described below:

Allocetra-OTS treatment at 140 x 106 20% cells/kg body weight (screening body weight) in 375 mL of Ringer's lactate solution.

Subjects will be followed for efficacy and safety assessments over 28 days following investigational product administration.

Subjects will be hospitalized for COVID-19, and later as medically indicated. Following IP administration (Day 1), subjects will be followed for efficacy and safety assessments through 28 days. The number of visits for subjects participating in this study will be on days 3, 5, 71, 142, and 282. Visits on days 7 and 14 may be done via zoom or telephone.

Study Intervention, Route of Administration, and Dosage Form

Allocetra-OTS is a cell-based therapeutic composed of donor early apoptotic cells.

Patient Classification [National Institutes of Health (NIH)]- www.covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/overview/management-of-covid-19/

In general, adults with COVID-19 can be grouped into the following severity of illness

categories
  • Asymptomatic or Pre-symptomatic Infection: Individuals who test positive for SARS-CoV-2 by virologic testing using a molecular diagnostic (e.g., polymerase chain reaction) or antigen test, but have no symptoms.
  • Mild Illness: Individuals who have any of the various signs and symptoms of COVID-19 (e.g., fever, cough, sore throat, malaise, headache, muscle pain) without shortness of breath, dyspnea, or abnormal chest imaging.
  • Moderate Illness: Individuals who have evidence of lower respiratory disease by clinical assessment or imaging and saturation of oxygen (SpO2) 94% on room air at sea level.
  • Severe Illness: Individuals who have respiratory frequency >30 breaths per minute, SpO2 <94% on room air at sea level, ratio of arterial partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) <300 mmHg, or lung infiltrates >50%
  • Critical Illness: Individuals who have respiratory failure, septic shock, and/or multiple organ dysfunction.

Standard of Care (SOC)

The SOC for COVID-19 will be according to institutional standards. Institutional SOC may include Clexane, anti-viral agents such as Remdesivir, corticosteroids, or other agents.

Concomitant Medications

Prohibited medications: Significant immune-suppressing agents before developing COVID-19, including chronic corticosteroids > 10 mg/day, Azathioprine, Cyclosporine, Cyclophosphamide, and any biological treatment.

The known SOC medications to treat COVID-19; Hydroxychloroquine, Chloroquine, and Azithromycin, are not known to have any possible interaction with Allocetra-OTS. Neither are anti-viral agents.

Concomitant Medical Conditions

Apart from patients with a tumor or end-stage organ condition, chronic diseases like cardiovascular or diabetes are allowed.

Details
Condition COVID19
Treatment Allocetra-OTS
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04590053
SponsorHadassah Medical Organization
Last Modified on25 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 18 yrs and 80 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have COVID19?
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have COVID19??
Up to twenty-four subjects, male or female > 18 and < 80-year-old diagnosed
with COVID-19, as defined below
Laboratory confirmation of SARS-COV2 infection by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from any diagnostic sampling source
Patients classified as severe or critical according to NIH severity classification
All patients will be treated by treating physician with S.C. Clexane, at a minimal dose of 40 mg a day
Illness with at least one of the following
Radiographic infiltrates by imaging (chest x-ray, CT scan, etc.), OR
SpO2 94% on room air, OR
Requiring supplemental oxygen, with a P/F ratio of 350, 150
Signed written informed consent by the patient

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnancy, lactation, and childbearing potential woman who are not willing to use acceptable contraceptives measures for the entire study duration
Combined with other organ failures (need organ support not including respirator), including Stage 4 severe chronic kidney disease or requiring dialysis (i.e. estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 30)
Patients with a malignant tumor, other serious systemic diseases and psychosis
Patients who are participating in other clinical trials or treated with any experimental agents that may contradict this trial (i.e, biologics)
Co-Infection of HIV, tuberculosis
Known immunocompromised state or medications known to be immunosuppressive (see concomitant prohibited medications on the next page)
Intubated patients (due to inability to sign an informed consent)
Patients with P/F or S/F ratio of <150 or a change in status of eligibility manifested by a rapid decline of P/F ratio between eligibility status and actual drug delivery
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