Intravitreal Aflibercept for the Prevention of Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy Following Retinal Detachment Repair (PREVENT-PVR)

  • End date
    Dec 15, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    M. Ali Khan, MD
Updated on 14 May 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


The primary objective of the study is to determine if serial intravitreal aflibercept injections (IAI) improve the single surgery anatomic success rate following surgical repair of primary, macula involving rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) deemed at high risk for proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Preclinical work has revealed that competitive inhibition of platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) potentiates a pathologic, sustained activation of PDGF receptors that is critical to the progression of experimental PVR. VEGF blockade would mitigate this pathologic activation.


The objective of this study is to determine if serial intravitreal aflibercept injections (IAI) improve single surgery anatomic success rate and reduce development of clinically apparent proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) following surgical repair of primary, macula involving rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

This will be a randomized clinical trial, with participant enrollment lasting ~120 days. 150 eyes will be randomized 1:1 to intervention (serial IAI) versus sham control (standard of care). Adult eyes with macula involving primary RRD deemed at high risk for PVR development as determined by pre-specified clinical features are eligible for enrollment.

The study, Aflibercept group will receive intravitreal aflibercept injection (2mg/0.05mL) at the conclusion of RRD repair surgery, at post-operative day 30 (plus/minus 7 days), and at post-operative day 60 (plus/minus 7 days). Patients enrolled in the control group will undergo a sham procedure at post-operative day 30 (plus/minus 7 days) and at post-operative day 60 (plus/minus 7 days).

The primary outcome will be single surgery anatomic success (retinal re-attachment) rate. Additional outcomes will include: systemic and ocular safety of IAI in setting of RRD; epiretinal membrane formation; presence of grade C PVR or worse; post-operative complication profile; OCT-measured central macular thickness; change from baseline in visual acuity (Snellen) wearing habitual correction.

All eyes will undergo pars plana vitrectomy with or without scleral buckling and gas tamponade. Post-operative exams (slit lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy) will include the following time-points: Day 30, Day 60, Day 90, Day 120. All time points will have a window of plus/minus 7 days, except the Day 120 visit which will be a window of plus/minus 14 days.

Condition Retinal Detachment With Multiple Breaks, Unspecified Eye, Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy
Treatment Sham control, Intravitreal aflibercept injection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04580147
SponsorM. Ali Khan, MD
Last Modified on14 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Carry a diagnosis of a macula involving ("macula off") primary RRD at high risk for PVR development. Specifically, the enrolled eye must include at least 1 but no more than 3 high risk features, which are designated as follows: multiple retinal breaks (>3); detachments involving two or more quadrants of the retina; duration of detachment > 3 weeks; vitreous hemorrhage; and choroidal detachment
Consent to surgical repair utilizing pars plana vitrectomy with or without scleral buckling and C3F8 gas tamponade
Willing and able to comply with clinic visits and study-related procedures
Provide signed informed consent
Able to understand and complete study-related questionnaires

Exclusion Criteria

Age <18 years
Presence of PVR grade B or worse (as defined by the revised Retina Society PVR classification system) at time of surgical repair
Method of primary RRD repair is primary laser demarcation, primary cryotherapy, pneumatic retinopexy, or scleral buckling procedure alone
Primary use of silicone oil or retinectomy during surgical repair (if silicone oil and/or a retinectomy is used intraoperatively, a prior enrolled patient will be disqualified from the study)
Prior incisional ocular surgery other than cataract extraction
History of or concurrent ruptured globe, intraocular foreign body, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, exudative age-related macular degeneration, macular hole, epiretinal membrane, sickle cell disease, uveitis or intraocular infectious disease
Treatment with intravitreal or systemic anti-VEGF pharmacotherapy in the prior 6 months
Pregnant or breastfeeding women
Sexually active women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to practice adequate contraception prior to start of the first treatment, during the study, and for at least 3 months after the last dose. Adequate contraceptive measures include stable use of oral contraceptives or other prescription pharmaceutical contraceptives for 2 or more menstrual cycles prior to screening; intrauterine device; bilateral tubal ligation; condom plus contraceptive sponge, foam, or jelly, or diaphragm plus contraceptive sponge, foam, or jelly
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