Combination of Ranibizumab and Targeted Laser Photocoagulation

  • End date
    Jul 30, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Leipzig
Updated on 25 January 2021


Intravitreal injections of Ranibizumab will be applied in all patients according to treatment guidelines. The experimental group will receive additional targeted laser photocoagulation of the peripheral areas of capillary non-perfusion (up to 4 laser treatments within 1st year of the study). Based on the long-term observation after CoRaLa I study an importantly shorter duration of treatment and a relevant reduction of the total number of re-injections in RL patients is expected.


Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is the second most common retinal vascular disease leading to visual impairment. Main cause for visual impairment in CRVO (Central Retinal Vein Occlusion) is macular edema (ME) while neovascularization of the retina and/or the anterior segment is the most serious complication leading to vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment and neovascular glaucoma. In serious cases loss of vision is imminent. To date, no causal treatment has been proven to be effective in large trials. Intravitreal injections of drugs that inhibit the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other inflammatory factors are the current treatments of choice for ME due to CRVO. Two different anti-VEGF drugs (ranibizumab and aflibercept), and a biodegradable dexamethasone implant are approved by the EMA (European Medicines Agency). Based on data from confirmatory studies anti-VEGF-drugs are recommended as a treatment of first choice in patients with RVO. All intravitreal drugs provide only a temporary effect with need for re-treatment for recurrences of ME. Mean number of ranibizumab application needed in CRVO patients was found to be 7.4 to 10.2 injections in 12 months. A significant number of CRVO patients require treatment over several years. Need for repetitive treatments and ophthalmic controls are a major burden for patients (and their relatives who are required for driving the patients to ophthalmologists) despite of only few adverse events and generally well-tolerated injections. Endophthalmitis is the most severe ocular complication which can be eye-sight-threatening. The more injections are administered, the higher is the cumulative risk of complications. Due to high costs (>1000 per injection) treatment with repeated injections over years is of significant socio-economic importance, too. Therefore, treatments concepts which would lead to permanent reduction of ME and/or significantly reduce the number of re-injections over long-term periods are the major currently unmet need in patients with RVO.

Until now, several studies evaluated the impact of the additional pan-retinal laser photocoagulation in patients undergoing the anti-VEGF-treatment for the ME due to retinal vein occlusions. However, most of the studies are limited by retrospective design, small number of evaluated patients or lack of the randomization. None of the available prospective randomized studies had sufficient power to finally clarify the benefit of the additional laser treatment. Therefore, there is an unmet need for a large randomized, prospective, multicentric trials.

The proposed study will be the first sufficiently powered trial evaluating the long-term effect of targeted laser photocoagulation performed selectively (targeted) in peripheral areas of non-perfusion in combination with standard anti-VEGF treatment (ranibizumab injections) on the duration of the required intravitreal treatment over time period of 2 years.

Condition Central Retinal Vein Occlusion With Macular Edema
Treatment Laser photocoagulation, Ranibizumab Injection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04444492
SponsorUniversity of Leipzig
Last Modified on25 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of macular edema due to central retinal vein occlusion foveal thickness > 250 m (measured by OCT)
Age > 18 years
Written informed consent of the patient
BCVA score in the study eye between 24 letters (20/320) and 78 letters (20/25) measured in ETDRS chart
History of CRVO no longer than 6 months
Presence of capillary non-perfusion in peripheral retina larger than 5 disc areas documented in ultra wide-field fluorescein angiography
Ability and willingness to attend all scheduled visits and assessments

Exclusion Criteria

CRVO with ischemic maculopathy defined as diameter of the foveolar avascular zone larger than 2 optic disc diameters
Macular edema due to another etiology than retinal vein occlusion (e.g. diabetic maculopathy, uveitis, age related macular degeneration, Irvine-Gass syndrome)
History of idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy
Presence of vitreoretinal interface disease (e.g. vitreomacular traction, epiretinal membrane), either on clinical examination or in OCT
An eye that, in the investigator's opinion, would not benefit from resolution of macular edema, such as eyes with foveal atrophy, dense pigmentary changes, or dense subfoveal hard exudates
Aphakia in the study eye
Scatter laser photocoagulation or macular photocoagulation in the study eye prior to study entry
Intraocular or periocular injection of steroids in the study eye prior to study entry
Previous use of an anti-VEGF drug in the study eye
Cataract surgery or any other intraocular surgery in the study eye within 3 months prior to study entry
Uncontrolled glaucoma (defined as intraocular pressure 30 mm Hg despite treatment with maximal anti-glaucoma medications)
History of stroke, myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attacks within 3 months prior to the study
Pregnancy (positive urine pregnancy test) or lactation
The presence of active malignancy, including lymphoproliferative disorders
History of allergy to fluorescein or any component of the ranibizumab formulation
Active intraocular infection
Participation in another simultaneous interventional medical investigation or trial
Women with child bearing potency without effective contraception (i. e. implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some IUDs or vasectomised partner) during the conduct of the trial
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