Community-based Helicobacter Pylori Eradication

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    5000
  • sponsor
    National Taiwan University Hospital
Updated on 7 November 2020
cancer
gastric cancer
levofloxacin
clarithromycin

Summary

Based on a universal eradication of H. pylori in an offshore island (Matsu) with a high prevalence of gastric cancer as well as premalignant gastric lesion, we first examined the infection rate of H. pylori. Secondly, we evaluated the efficacy of clarithromycin-based triple therapy with a levofloxacin-based rescue treatment. And thirdly, we tested the hypothesis that whether the cure of H. pylori can reverse the premalignant gastric lesion. Fourth, we determine the cost-effectiveness of this intervention. The gene-environment interaction will be addressed regarding gastric cancer carcinogenesis. Finally, the incident rate of gastric cancer would be followed in this cohort.

Description

Despite the decline of global incidence, gastric cancer still affects public health substantially due to the considerable medical burden in the treatment of disease at the symptomatic stage. This fact has prompted clinicians to extend their attention from the multidisciplinary therapies to the design of preventive strategies. Gastric cancer development follows a carcinogenic process from non-atrophic gastritis, atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and eventually to the adenocarcinoma. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection triggers this carcinogenic cascade and its eradication is currently the most reliable regimen to arrest the histologic progression in order to prevent gastric cancer. Emerging data have suggested that the benefit of H. pylori treatment earlier in the course of infection is larger and cannot be outweighed by a disfavored discount rate as a result of different time horizons between early treatment and later benefit of averting advanced cancer. In the Asia-Pacific area, however, virulent strains of H. pylori infection are highly prevalent and premalignant gastric lesions may have already developed at the take-off age of active intervention. Our current knowledge remains limited in answering whether H. pylori eradication can regress these premalignant lesions and if so, what determinant can contribute to a positive response is unknown. The concept of "a point of no return" suggests that the benefit of H. pylori eradication may diminish at later stages when many types of molecular damage become irreversible. Several population-based studies, in contrast, found that the premalignant gastric lesions were potentially reversible given a sufficiently long duration free from infection. The inconsistence may reflect the facts that studies with adequate sample size and long enough follow-up are rarely available and that some important factors, such as the variation in host susceptibility to disease and dietary exposure to carcinogens, are difficult to be measured but they are likely to confound the results. Therefore, the present study was to: 1. Determine the efficacy of a novel regimen to treat the H. pylori infection in the general population. 2. To address the question whether the premalignant gastric lesion could be reversed following the cure of infection. 3. To simulate the cost-effectiveness of this chemoprevention. 4. To use individual data to empirically calculate the cost-effectiveness of this intervention. 5. To address the host genetic susceptibility to gastric cancer development. 6. To follow-up the gastric cancer incidence following the eradication of H. pylori.

Details
Treatment Helicobacter pylori eradication
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00155389
SponsorNational Taiwan University Hospital
Last Modified on7 November 2020

Eligibility

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

0/250
Preferred Language
Other Language
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note