The Potential of HemoScreen for Monitoring Blood Values in Cancer Patients at Home

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 25, 2023
  • participants needed
    53
  • sponsor
    Niels Henrik Holländer
Updated on 25 December 2021
neutrophil count
primary cancer
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

To keep cancer patients safe, whilst in chemo therapy, patients come into the hospital for multiple blood tests, in order to provide safe antineoplastic treatment and supportive care. Monitoring of relevant blood values (WBC white blood cell count, total and differentiated, ANC absolute neutrophil count, RBC red blood cell count, HGB hemoglobin and PLT platelets) is usually obtained by venipuncture by a health-care professional at the hospital.

HemoScreen is a POCT (point-of-care-technology) automated hematology analyzer that performs complete blood count (CBC) analysis from capillary or venous whole-blood samples. HemoScreen solution has not yet been used by patients to self-test blood cell count, but the investigators hypothesize that cancer patients on systemic anticancer therapy can perform a self-test at home using HemoScreen, and transfer the results to the hospital clinical team, to prevent wasted hospital journeys. This study aims to investigate the feasibility and usability of HemoScreen hematology analyzer for capillary self-testing of blood values in home for cancer patients receiving chemo.

The study consists of a quantitative and a qualitative part. The quantitative part is to compare blood values obtained by capillary self-testing using HemoScreen and venous blood values obtained on standard hospital equipment (Sysmex) in patients. The qualitative part will be observational studies and semi-structured interviews with patients as well as health professionals from the department of Clinical Oncology, as they perform a capillary blood test with HemoScreen themselves. Recruitment of participants will take place at the department of Clinical Oncology in Naestved.

This present study has two phases. The first phase (1) will investigate feasibility, usability and measurement properties of the HemoScreen CBC analyzer, when patients perform a capillary self-test in the outpatient clinic at Oncology supervised by trained personal. Furthermore, Healthcare professionals will test the capillary blood count method. Phase 1 will be conducted to insure that HemoScreen is safely used for capillary self-testing by patient before initiating phase 2, where the HemoScreen is being sent home with the patients for self-measure at home. In Phase 1, 10 cancer patients as well as 4-10 health professionals will be recruited. In phase 2, 33 cancer patients initiating a chemotherapy treatment will be recruited for testing in their home.

Description

Background In Denmark the specialty of clinical oncology, provides complex and high-risk medical treatment to patients diagnosed with solid malignancies. To keep patients safe, whilst in therapy (with a curative or palliative intend), patients come into the hospital for multiple blood tests, physical evaluation, registration and treatment of possibly life-threatening adverse effects, all in order to provide safe antineoplastic treatment and supportive care. A low neutrophil blood cell count (neutropenia) can be a dose-limiting toxicity of systemic anti-cancer therapy and can be life-threatening when complicated by sepsis. Neutrophil count is usually obtained by venipuncture by a health-care professional. Correspondingly this applies for the loss of blood production (anemia) and loss of production of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia).

Exploring new ways to closely monitor and treat future cancer patients aiming at increasing quality of life, as well as reducing the cost in hospital tests and admissions, must be given high priority.

HemoScreen is a POCT automated hematology analyzer that performs complete blood count (CBC) analysis from capillary or venous whole-blood samples, using a single use self-contained cartridge. The cartridge is preloaded with all required reagents. After analysis, the results are displayed and can be saved, printed, or exported to another digital system. The HemoScreen Analyzer provides 20 standard CBC parameters in approximately 6 minutes RBC, absolute WBC count, WBC 5-part differential and PLT.

The HemoScreen CBC was developed to be used by professionals and therefore, the HemoScreen solution has not yet been used by patients to self-test complete blood cell count.

The investigators hypothesize that cancer patients on systemic anticancer therapy can measure a home blood count using HemoScreen, record quantitative data and transfer the results to the hospital clinical team. Future intentions are to trial the use of the HemoScreen CBC analyzer to reduce frequency and severity of neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia complications, prevent wasted hospital journeys and hospital resources, reduce non-elective hospital admissions and personalize delivery of anticancer treatment.

The HemoScreen CBC analyzer has shown rapid and accurate test results for both venous and capillary blood samples, when compared to standard measurement (Sysmex). Also in the lower range, relevant for monitoring and post chemotherapy treatment in cancer patients.

This present study has two phases. The first phase of this study (1) will investigate feasibility, usability and capillary measurement properties of the HemoScreen CBC analyzer, when patients self-test their blood cell count when in the outpatient clinic at Oncology and supervised by trained personal. Furthermore, Healthcare professionals will test the capillary blood count method. Phase 1 will be conducted to insure that HemoScreen is safely used for capillary self-testing by patient before initiating phase 2, where the HemoScreen is being sent home with the patients for self-measure at home.

Phase 1: Feasibility and usability of HemoScreen hematology analyzer for self-testing by cancer patients receiving chemo The aim of the study

  • Comparison of capillary blood counts in patients, measured using the HemoScreen CBC analyzer versus laboratory measurements of venous blood counts, to indicate the reliability of results obtained from capillary self-testing by patients.
  • To test the usability of HemoScreen by patients
  • To evaluate the usability of HemoScreen by healthcare professionals
  • Evaluate on training, before the initiation of phase 2
  • To insure HemoScreen is safely used for capillary self-testing by patient before initiating phase 2

Study participants and study design This study aims to investigate the usability when performing blood testing during chemotherapy with HemoScreen CBC analyzer equipment, firstly for healthcare professionals and hereafter patients. Both patients and healthcare personnel will be instructed in using the equipment and will perform a self-test. The number of patients to be included is estimated to 10 and health professionals is 4-10. The duration of phase 1 will be approximately one month (September 2020).

Participants will be patients receiving chemo treatment for Breast Cancer at the Department of Clinical Oncology in Naestved, in the outpatient clinic and healthcare personnel at the Department of Clinical Oncology. The day before treatment, when the patients visit the hospital to have a standard venous blood test, patients will turn to the Department of Clinical Oncology to attend the study. The patients will receive introduction and intensive training regarding test procedure and operation of the device by a trained project nurse, and the nurse will draw a capillary blood test on the patient as part of the training. Hereafter, the patient will perform a self-test with HemoScreen. The nurse will furthermore instruct the patient how to upload the results to MY-SP.

The healthcare professionals who will test the usability of HemoScreen will also be instructed and trained the same way as the patients, and then perform a self-test with the HemoScreen CBC analyzer.

All participants, patients as well as healthcare personal will have a simple stepwise illustrative guide available when performing the self-test.

The study include a quantitative and a qualitative part. A quantitative comparison of capillary blood counts in patients, measured using the HemoScreen CBC analyzer versus laboratory measurements of venous blood counts, to indicate the reliability of results obtained from capillary self-testing by patients. Qualitative methods are used to explore the usability of HemoScreen for capillary blood counts when used by cancer patients and healthcare personal. Observations and semi-structured interviews will be conducted to identify eventually challenges and ensure that HemoScreen is suitable for self-testing by cancer patients. All participants enrolled in phase 1 of the study, will attend observation and interview. Observation and interview will be conducted at the hospital in connection to the training and self-test with HemoScreen.

Phase 2: Self-testing with HemoScreen in patients' home The aim of the study is to investigate

  • How the patient experiences the use of HemoScreen for self-testing at home
  • How the patients and relatives handle taking blood test in their own home in combination with a form (DBCG, Danish Brest Cancer Group, where the patients can register side effects)
  • Explorative comparison of the result from capillary blood test with HemoScreen and laboratory results to see if HemoScreen results are reliable enough for clinical decisions

Study participants and study design This study aims to investigate the safety in letting patients perform blood tests at home during chemotherapy with HemoScreen equipment.

A trained nurse will identify patients at their first visit to the ward for outgoing patients. It will be patients receiving treatment for Breast Cancer at the Department of Clinical Oncology, Naestved. All participants enrolled in phase 2 of the study, will be trained and perform their first self-test with HemoScreen in the clinic, same procedure as phase 1. The subjective judgement of the patients' ability to conduct self-testing, will be used to secure its safe for the patient to be enrolled for self-testing at home. The patient is provided a simple stepwise illustrative guide on capillary blood test with HemoScreen, a guide the patient bring home together with the device. Patients can turn to a HOTline, answered by a trained project nurse, if the patient have doubts about the use of HemoScreen. Furthermore, the investigator will visit patients at home to observe proper use of the HemoScreen equipment.

The investigators define a success in the study if patients can use the HemoScreen equipment properly at home following the given instruction. Failure is defined as if patients have to call the HOTline, or are observed not to use the equipment properly at home.

The number of patients to be included will be 33, each patient will be included for approximately 16 weeks, as the patient receive chemotherapy. The duration of phase 2 will be approximately (September 2020- October 2022).

In phase 2, the patients will take blood test in a natural setting at home the day before the treatment. The patients will upload the data to MY-SP. The patient will be instructed how to do that as part of the training in using HemoScreen. The patients will also have blood samples taken at laboratorie as usual, and the result of the blood test from HemoScreen will not be used to prescribe the chemotherapy. All trial procedures are conducted in addition to standard care.

Furthermore, some of the patients recruited for home testing of HemoScreen, will participate an observational study as well as interview that aims to explore the experience of patients using HemoScreen at home. The observational study and interview will be conducted in the patient's home during the study period. It is necessary to conduct the studies at the patient's home to explore the use context. The estimated number of patients are 5-7, but inclusion will continue until data saturation is met.

Side effects and inconveniences There are no major side effects relate to using HemoScreen CBC analyzer. The finger prick test may cause transient soreness in the small area where the sample has been taken. There is also a risk of having to do more pricks to obtain enough blood to perform the test. However, the benefit to the patient by being able to perform blood counts in home exceeds by far the eventually disadvantage of a transient sore finger. The ability of cancer patients in chemotherapy to do blood counts at home would prevent wasted hospital journeys for the patient, and leave more time with relatives and family at home. When receiving chemo the patients have a reduced immune responds and are therefore at increased risk of getting an infection, therefore the less public transport and hospital visits the better. A further advantage is the ability to monitor the patient at home and reduce the risk of server side effects as neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia complications. In addition, it would save hospital resources and least but not less involve the patient, and give them insight into own treatment.

The HemoScreen CBC analyzer is CE marked for point-of-care use. The device is not yet approved for use by patients.

Data The study (phase 1 and 2) collects all data according to the guidelines of Good Clinical Practice (GCP) for medical device studies. All data are pseudonymized, and all data are protected according to General Data Protection Regulation and Data protection Act.

The project has been reported to the Danish Data Protection Agency (Datatilsynet).

Economy Two HemoScreen devices used in phase 1 are bought and additional 8 devices will be leased. HemoScreen has no influence on the project and has no rights to data collected in the project.

Publications At least one scientific paper will be published upon completion of this study.

Details
Condition Cancer
Treatment HemoScreen hematology analyzer
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04543734
SponsorNiels Henrik Holländer
Last Modified on25 December 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Working at the Department of Oncology for outpatients
years old or more

Exclusion Criteria

If unable or unlikely to be able to perform fine manipulation required to use lancet or cartridge to obtain capillary blood sample and result
Known bleeding disorders
Bad circulation, if the testperson cannot get enough blood drops to do the test
Inability to give informed content
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note