A Study of Combination Chemotherapy for Patients With Newly Diagnosed DAWT and Relapsed FHWT

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 1, 2027
  • participants needed
    221
  • sponsor
    Children's Oncology Group
Updated on 25 July 2021

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well combination chemotherapy works in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage II-IV diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumors (DAWT) or favorable histology Wilms tumors (FHWT) that have come back (relapsed). Drugs used in chemotherapy regimens such as UH-3 (vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, carboplatin, etoposide, and irinotecan) and ICE/Cyclo/Topo (ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, and topotecan) work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial may help doctors find out what effects, good and/or bad, regimen UH-3 has on patients with newly diagnosed DAWT and standard risk relapsed FHWT (those treated with only 2 drugs for the initial WT) and regimen ICE/Cyclo/Topo has on patients with high and very high risk relapsed FHWT (those treated with 3 or more drugs for the initial WT).

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/ carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the event-free survival (EFS) of patients with newly diagnosed stage 4 diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor (DAWT) as compared to historical controls.

II. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the EFS of patients with standard-risk relapsed favorable histology Wilms tumor (SRrFHWT) as compared to historical controls.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the overall survival (OS) of patients with newly diagnosed stage 4 DAWT as compared to historical controls.

II. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the OS of patients with SRrFHWT as compared to historical controls.

III. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the EFS and OS of patients with newly diagnosed stage 2 and 3 DAWT as compared to historical controls.

IV. To establish EFS and OS for high-risk (HRrFHWT) and very high risk (VHRrFHWT) relapsed favorable histology Wilms tumor treated with ifosfamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with cyclophosphamide/ topotecan.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe renal toxicity of ifosfamide/carboplatin/etoposide in HRrFHWT and VHRrFHWT patients using conventional and novel biomarkers of renal toxicity (urine NGAL, cystatin C and Kim1) in the context of the chemotherapy regimens used on this study.

II. To collect and bank serial blood and urine samples in patients with newly diagnosed DAWT or relapsed FHWT and tumor tissue in patients with relapsed FHWT, for future analysis.

III. To assess the impact of p53 gene and protein expression on outcome for patients with newly diagnosed DAWT.

IV. To determine EFS/OS in the subsets of patients with newly diagnosed DAWT or relapsed FWHT who undergo gross total resection at all disease sites at diagnosis or after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

V. To describe the rate of regional lymph node sampling at the time of nephrectomy with the use of a pre-operative surgical checklist for patients with newly diagnosed DAWT.

VI. To determine the feasibility of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with central quality assurance (QA) monitoring to reduce radiation induced toxicity to the heart, thyroid, breast and solitary kidney for children with lung and liver metastases (part of an overarching aim in this study and across frontline favorable histology Wilms tumor studies).

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I (REGIMEN UH-3):

CYCLES 1, 5, 7, 10, AND 13: Patients receive vincristine intravenously (IV) over 1 minute or via minibag per institutional policy on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients also receive doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 1, 5, 7, 10, and 13 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CYCLES 2, 6, 9, 12, AND 14: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 15-60 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive cyclophosphamide IV over 15-30 minutes and etoposide IV over 1-2 hours on days 1-4. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 2, 6, 9, 12, and 14 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CYCLES 3, 4, 8, AND 11: Patients receive vincristine IV over 1 minute or via minibag per institutional policy on days 1 and 8 and irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 3, 4, 8, and 11 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II (REGIMEN IFOSFAMIDE, CARBOPLATIN, ETOPOSIDE [ICE]/CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE [CYCLO]/TOPOTECAN [TOPO]):

CYCLES 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, AND 9: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 15-60 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive etoposide IV over 1-2 hours and ifosfamide IV over 2-4 hours on days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 9 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CYCLES 3, 6, 8, AND 10: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 15-30 minutes and topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 3, 6, 8, and 10 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for years 1-2, every 6 months for years 3-4, and once at year 5.

Details
Condition Recurrent Kidney Wilms Tumor, Stage II Kidney Wilms Tumor, Stage III Kidney Wilms Tumor, Stage IV Kidney Wilms Tumor, Anaplastic Kidney Wilms Tumor
Treatment cyclophosphamide, Topotecan, etoposide, ifosfamide, carboplatin, Irinotecan, vincristine, doxorubicin
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04322318
SponsorChildren's Oncology Group
Last Modified on25 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with newly diagnosed stages 2 - 4 diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor must be enrolled on AREN03B2 and have risk assignment or final pathology classification (if at delayed nephrectomy) results available prior to enrollment on AREN1921. Enrollment on AREN03B2 is not applicable for patients with relapsed favorable histology Wilms tumor
Patients with the following diagnoses are eligible for this study
Newly diagnosed stages 2 - 4 diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor as confirmed by central review
Favorable histology Wilms tumor at first relapse. Relapsed FHWT patients must have previously achieved remission for their initial FHWT diagnosis to be eligible for this study. The relapse risk groups are defined as follows, regardless of radiation therapy
Standard-Risk relapse: Patients who received two chemotherapy agents for frontline therapy; primarily actinomycin D and vincristine
High-Risk relapse: Patients who received three chemotherapy agents for frontline therapy; primarily vincristine, actinomycin D and doxorubicin or vincristine, actinomycin D and irinotecan
Very High-Risk relapse: Patients who received four or more chemotherapy agents as part of initial therapy; primarily Regimen M or its variations
Patients with newly diagnosed DAWT must have had histologic verification of the malignancy. For relapsed FHWT patients, biopsy to prove recurrence is encouraged, but not required
Note: for relapsed FHWT patients, an institutional pathology report confirming favorable histology Wilms tumor (from relapse, if available, or from original diagnosis) must be available for upload prior to initiation of protocol therapy
Patients with newly diagnosed stages 2 - 4 diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor must be enrolled on AREN1921 within 2 weeks of the first tumor-directed surgery or biopsy procedure (surgery/biopsy is day 0), except for patients who received prior therapy for presumed favorable histology Wilms tumor, later confirmed to have diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor at subsequent review
Patients with newly diagnosed DAWT who undergo upfront nephrectomy must have at least 1 lymph node sampled prior to study enrollment
Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
Patients must have a life expectancy of >= 8 weeks
Diffuse Anaplastic Wilms Tumor: Patients with diffuse anaplastic histology must have had no prior systemic therapy, except in the following situations
Patients with diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor who received no more than 12 weeks of pre nephrectomy chemotherapy for what was originally presumed to be favorable histology Wilms tumor, subsequently confirmed to be diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor at delayed nephrectomy
Patients with diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor who received no more than 6 weeks of chemotherapy following upfront nephrectomy or biopsy for presumed favorable histology Wilms tumor based on institutional review, but subsequently corrected to diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor based on the AREN03B2 initial risk assignment results
Treatment consisting of vincristine/doxorubicin/ cyclophosphamide initiated on an emergent basis and within allowed timing as described
Patients who received prior therapy for presumed favorable histology Wilms tumor, later identified to have diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor as per above, must begin study treatment starting at cycle 3 (week 7) of regimen UH 3. For treatment details specific to this group of patients. Patients who received emergency radiation to preserve organ function are eligible as noted
Relapsed Favorable Histology Wilms Tumor: Patients must not have received prior chemotherapy for their relapsed favorable histology Wilms tumor diagnosis. In addition, patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study
Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: Must not have received within 2 weeks of entry onto this study
Radiation therapy (RT): >= 2 weeks (wks) must have elapsed for local palliative RT (small port); >= 6 months must have elapsed if prior craniospinal RT or if >= 50% radiation of pelvis; >= 6 wks must have elapsed if other substantial BM radiation. Patients with relapsed favorable histology Wilms tumor who received emergency radiation to preserve organ function are eligible and do not need to washout with the above criteria
Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents (within 4 weeks prior to study enrollment)
Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/uL (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
Platelet count >= 75,000/uL (transfusion independent) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
Patients with high-risk or very high-risk relapsed FHWT who will be treated with Regimen ICE/Cyclo/Topo, must have renal function assessed by creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and meet the following requirement
Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
Patients diagnosed with stage 2-4 DAWT or standard risk relapsed FHWT, who will be treated with Regimen UH 3, may either obtain a creatinine clearance, radioisotope GFR (meeting the above criteria of GFR >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2), or an adequate serum creatinine as per the following table
Age: Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)
month to < 6 months: 0.4 (male and female)
months to < 1 year: 0.5 (male and female)
to < 2 years: 0.6 (male and female)
to < 6 years: 0.8 (male and female)
to < 10 years: 1 (male and female)
to < 13 years: 1.2 (male and female)
to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
>= 16 years: 1.7 (male), 1.4 (female)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age or direct bilirubin =< ULN for patients whose total bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age or =< 5 x ULN for patients with liver metastases (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of >= 50% by radionuclide angiogram (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with a history of bilateral Wilms tumor (synchronous or metachronous)
Patients with any uncontrolled, intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, or symptomatic congestive heart failure (defined as grade 2 or higher heart failure per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version 5.0)
Relapsed FHWT patients who did not receive frontline chemotherapy (e.g., very low risk FHWT initially observed without chemotherapy) or received only one chemotherapy agent for frontline therapy
For patients with high-risk or very high-risk relapsed FHWT
Patients with renal tubular acidosis (RTA) as evidenced by serum bicarbonate < 16 mmol/L and serum phosphate =< 2 mg/dL (or < 0.8 mmol/L) without supplementation
For stages 2-4 DAWT and standard-risk relapsed FHWT patients
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease and/or bowel obstruction
Concomitant use of St. John's wort, which cannot be stopped prior to the start of trial treatment
Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

0/250
Preferred Language
Other Language
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note