Evaluation of UCPVax Plus Nivolumab as Second Line Therapy in Advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (Optim-UCPVax)

  • End date
    Sep 30, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Besancon
Updated on 24 May 2022


Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer-related mortality both in men and women worldwide.

The past few years have demonstrated great progress in the field of tumor immunotherapy through agents that address mechanisms of immune escape notably, so called immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICB). Indeed, ICB have emerged as a fatal weapon in the anticancer treatment arsenal. Anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1 antibodies have shown promising results in several cancers including Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) patients. Although such ICB extend patient's survival compared with conventional systemic therapies, they fail to control cancer progression in a significant proportion of patients which can reach up to 50-60% in NSCLC. Recent literature highlights a range of factors involved in the heterogeneous responses and failures to ICB therapies. The challenge is how can ICB treatment efficacy be extended to majority patients? To respond to this question, to increase the success of immunotherapy, immuno-oncology community develops combinations approaches.

The aim of these project is to evaluate the efficacy of Nivolumab plus a novel CD4Th1 inducer anti-cancer vaccine in NSCLC patients.

Nivolumab (NIVO), which is an anti-PD-1 antibody, has shown promising results in 2nd line treatment for advanced NSCLC.

UCPVax is a therapeutic anti-cancer vaccine based on the telomerase-derived helper peptides designed to induce strong TH1 CD4 T cell responses in cancer patients (NCT02818426).

Condition Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Treatment Standard chemotherapy, UCPVax + Nivolumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04263051
SponsorCentre Hospitalier Universitaire de Besancon
Last Modified on24 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Signed informed consent
Age ≥ 18 years
Histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced NSCLC (adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma or other)
Advanced NSCLC cancer patient with progressive disease after a first line of combo chemotherapy plus anti-PD-1 or chemotherapy plus anti-PD-L1 combination
Measurable disease defined according to iRECIST v1.1 guidelines
Patients must have a mandatory treatment-free interval of at least 21 days following previous systemic anti-cancer treatments
Patients who have received previous systemic anticancer treatment and/or radiotherapy should have recovered from any treatment related toxicity, to a level of ≤ grade 1 with the exception of Grade 2 alopecia
Performance status 0 or 1 on the ECOG scale
Females must be using highly effective contraceptive measures and have a negative pregnancy test prior to the start of dosing if of childbearing potential, or must have evidence of non-childbearing potential. Females of childbearing potential should use reliable methods of contraception from the time of the screening until 5 months after discontinuing study treatment. Male patients with a female partner of childbearing potential should be willing to use barrier contraception during the study and for 7 months following discontinuation of study drug. Patients should refrain from donating sperm from the start of dosing until 7 months after discontinuing study treatment
Registration in a national health care system
Ability to comply with the study protocol, in the Investigator's judgment

Exclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of additional malignancy within 2 years prior to the inclusion with the exception of curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin and/or curatively resected in situ cervical or breast cancer
Patient with any medical or psychiatric condition or disease, which would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study
Participation in a clinical study with an investigational product within 4 weeks prior to the start of the study treatment
Patient under guardianship, curatorship or under the protection of justice
Uncontrolled tumor-related pain
Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, ascites or symptomatic fistula
Known active central nervous system metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
Uncontrolled brain metastases
Presence of EGFR mutation, ALK or ROS1 translocation
history of hyperprogression during first line treatment with chemotherapy plus immunotherapy
Inadequate organ functions: known cardiac failure of unstable coronaropathy, respiratory failure, or uncontrolled infection or another life-risk condition
Active or chronic hepatitis B or C and/or HIV positive or known history of active Covid-19 infection, or a known history of active Tuberculosis bacillus
Any immunosuppressive therapy (i.e. corticosteroids >10mg of hydrocortisone or equivalent dose) within 14 days before the planned start of study therapy
Active autoimmune disease that has required a systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e. corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g. thyroxine, insulin) is allowed
Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency
Prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ transplantation
History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
Known hypersensitivity or allergy to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or any component of Nivolumab formulation
History of idiopathic or secondary pulmonary fibrosis or evidence of active pneumonitis requiring a systemic treatment with 28 days before the planned start of study therapy
Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
Severe infection within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, including, but not limited to, hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
Treatment with therapeutic oral or IV antibiotics within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment
Receipt of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to the initiation of treatment or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
Patients requiring oxygen therapy
For patients with a known cardiac history or with cardiac events occurring after first-line chemoimmunotherapy: LEVF<40% ; troponin > ULN; BNP > ULN
Inadequate hematology, hepatic, renal functions or others inadequate laboratory values
Clear my responses

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