Use of Antiretroviral (ARV) Drug Levels in Dried Blood Spots (DBS) to Assess and Manage ART Adherence in South Africa

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 1, 2022
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    New York State Psychiatric Institute
Updated on 21 July 2021

Summary

This is a prospective, pilot study of HIV-positive individuals who have been on tenofovir-containing antiretroviral therapy for at least 4 months. The overall goal of this research is to determine the feasibility of giving patients and their providers monthly feedback about Tenofovir-Diphosphate (TFV-DP) drug levels and to examine patient and provider behaviors in response to receiving this information. This study will build upon the Aim 1 observational study and the subsequent patient and providerFeedback Development Workgroups (FDWs).

Description

This is a prospective, pilot study of HIV-positive individuals who have been on tenofovir-containing antiretroviral therapy for at least 4 months. The overall goal of this research is to determine the feasibility of giving patients and their providers monthly feedback about Tenofovir-Diphosphate (TFV-DP) drug levels and to examine patient and provider behaviors in response to receiving this information. This study will build upon the Aim 1 observational study and the subsequent patient and provider Feedback Development Workgroups (FDWs).

The study team will consent a sample (N=60) of HIV-positive patients for monthly assessments, including blood specimen collections to assess TFV-DP drug levels. Participants enrolled in this prospective, pilot study will be randomized to either the intervention arm in which they will receive monthly feedback on their TFV-DP drug levels (Feedback Group; N=30) or the control arm in which they will receive no feedback on TFV-DP drug levels (No Feedback Group; N=30).

The study will take place at the Gugulethu Research Offices (GRO) of the Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation (DTHF) in Gugulethu, 15km outside Cape Town, South Africa (SA). Study participants will be recruited from patients attending one of four public-sector ART clinics in the Klipfontein Health District, Western Cape, including (1) Hannan Crusaid Treatment Centre, (2) Nyanga Clinic, (3) Gugulethu Clinic (NY1), and (4) Vuyani Clinic.

Enrollment will occur over 3-4 months, during which study staff will recruit an average of 15-20 participants per month, for a total of 60 participants. Participants will remain in the study for 5 months, attending a baseline and 4 subsequent monthly study visits. At each monthly visit, study staff will obtain venous blood samples for dried blood spots (DBS) which will measure TFV-DP levels and a viral load (VL) assay. ART adherence will also be assessed through the Wise Pill electronic monitoring device (EMD) a medication dispenser that sends an electronic medication event record to the Wisepill server when medication is taken and monthly self-reported medication adherence. Socio-demographic characteristics, medical history, mental health, substance use, and other contextual factors will be assessed at baseline and at the final study visit. In addition, at each visit, participants randomized to the intervention arm will receive feedback on their previous month's TFV-DP drug levels. Clinic providers will also receive TFV-DP drug level results for the participants in the intervention arm.

For both intervention and control groups, the study will monitor any changes to ART adherence behavior on the part of patients and providers. Potential changes will be monitored by reviewing participants' clinic charts to determine if any actions were made to the medical or adherence management of patients since the previous visit (e.g., additional VL requests beyond those prescribed for a stable patient, referral for intensive counselor-based or group adherence counseling, outreach by Health Care Workers (HCWs) for adherence monitoring and support, additional doctor-requested patient appointments). The study will also conduct Exit Interviews with participants and hold Provider Focus Group Discussions (FGD) to further understand whether (and if so, how) TFV-DP drug level feedback influenced medication adherence and patient management.

Details
Condition Therapeutic Adherence and Compliance
Treatment Feedback on DBS Concentrations
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04333498
SponsorNew York State Psychiatric Institute
Last Modified on21 July 2021

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