Impact of Immunotherapy on the Sperm Count of Patients With Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
Updated on 25 January 2021

Summary

Cancer is a public health problem. In recent years, oncology has been revolutionized with the advent of new treatments for different tumor models, mainly immunotherapy directed against cell cycle control points. Numerous inhibitory pathways are incorporated into the immune system to maintain tolerance and homeostasis, and these are collectively known as immunological checkpoints.

The main function of immunological checkpoints is to protect tissues from damage when the immune system is responding to pathogens and maintain tolerance to self antigens (ie, prevent autoimmunity). This is mainly achieved by down-regulation of T cell activation or effector functions. There is increasing evidence to show that a primary mechanism by which tumors evade the immune system is through the participation of immunological checkpoints. This has stimulated the development of many novel agents that modulate immunological checkpoints or other costimulatory receptors.

CTLA-4 is the first receptor of the checkpoint that is successfully selected as immunotherapy. Ipilimumab, an anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody, was the first immunological checkpoint inhibitor to receive FDA approval for the treatment of advanced melanoma.

On the other hand, PD-1 is another receptor for the immune control point, and its ligands, the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and PD-L2, also resulted in important therapeutic advances in cancer immunotherapy.

Unlike CTLA-4, PD-1 is widely expressed and can be found in, in addition to T cells, in B cells and natural killer (NK) cells. The main function of PD-1 is to limit the activity of T cells in peripheral tissues during an inflammatory immune response.

The tumors can exploit this control point, expressing the ligand PD-L1 and generating that the cytotoxic T lymphocytes and the NK cells are anergic and incapable of killing. This up-regulation mechanism of PD-L1 is known in tumors such as melanoma, lung and ovary. Several monoclonal antibodies directed to PD-1 have already received approvals for their clinical use as Nivolumab and Pembrolizumab.

Description

The toxic effect of cytostatics (chemotherapy) at the gonadal level is known, but the effect that anti PD-1 immunotherapy can have on the spermogram of oncological patients at the level of the blood-testicular barrier, endocrine axis, among others, is not known. The proinflammatory mechanisms of immunotherapy could incur in damage evidenced as quali-quantitative alterations of the spermogram.

Primary end point:

To evaluate the difference in spermogram (counting, functionality, vitality, mobility) before and after treatment with anti-PD1 immunotherapy first line of oncological treatment of adult patients

Secondary end point:

Evaluate the association adjusted for nutrition, endocrine disorders. Evaluate modifications in the sexual functionality of patients through validated sexuality questionnaires before and during treatment.

In the absence of information, according to the results obtained, cryopreservation prior to the start of treatment could be taken into consideration.

Design: Observational prospective cohort with a single group. With start of follow-up from the oncological diagnosis of patients who are in the process of starting treatment with immunotherapy, checkpoint inhibitors in first line setting. The spermogram samples will be performed: 2 baseline before the start of the drug and +/- 5 days of the start of the treatment, separated by at least 2 weeks. Subsequent samples will be taken 3, 6 and 12 months after the start of treatment.

Details
Condition Oligospermia
Treatment Evaluate sperm count before and after immunotherapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04554030
SponsorHospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
Last Modified on25 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 18 yrs?
Are you male?
Do you have Oligospermia?
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have Oligospermia??
Diagnosis of cancer with indication for treatment with immunotherapy
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note