Last updated on September 2020

Embolization of the Middle Meningeal Artery for the Prevention of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Recurrence in High Risk Patients (EMPROTECT)


Brief description of study

Standard of care for the management of symptomatic chronic subdural hematomas (SDHs) is neurosurgical burr-hole evacuation followed by drainage. Post-operative recurrence rates may be as high as 10 to 20 %. In particular, recurrence rate increases with antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. Middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization has been proposed as a novel treatment of chronic SDH. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of MMA embolization in reducing the risk of chronic SDH recurrence at 6 months after burr-hole surgery as compared with standard medical post-operative treatment in patients at high risk of post-operative recurrence.

Detailed Study Description

Introduction: chronic SDHs are some of the most frequently encountered neurosurgical emergencies. The gold standard treatment of symptomatic chronic SDHs is burr-hole surgery followed by temporary closed system drainage. Post-operative recurrence rates may be as high as 10 to 20% and are a major source of morbidity and repeated surgery. MMA embolization is a promising minimally invasive procedure recently proposed as a treatment of chronic SDH. It is hypothesized that post-operative MMA embolization may reduce recurrence rate in patients at high risk of recurrence.

Aims: the primary objective of the trial is to assess the efficacy of MMA embolization in reducing the risk of chronic SDH recurrence at 6 months after burr-hole surgery as compared with standard medical treatment in patients at high risk of post-operative recurrence. Secondary objectives include evaluating the impact of post-operative MMA embolization on rate of recurrence requiring new surgery (at 6 months), rate of functional dependency (at 1 and 6 months) , mortality (at 1 and 6 months) , cumulative hospital stay duration, related to the SDH, and complication rate at 6 months.

Methods: multicenter open label randomized controlled trial. Eligible patients will be assigned either to the intervention or a control arm through blocked randomization with randomblock sizes and stratified on the center, antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy and unilateral vs bilateral SDH. Patients in the intervention group will undergo a CT angiography scan of the supra aortic trunks, followed by MMA embolization procedure within 7 days of the burr-hole surgery in addition to standard medical care. Patients in the control group will receive standard medical care only. Outcomes will be evaluated at 1 and 6 months. The primary outcome measure will be the rate of chronic SDH recurrence 6 months after index burr-hole surgery, as defined bellow. In order to demonstrate a decrease in recurrence rate from 15 to 5% between the intervention and control arms with a power of 80%, bilateral global alpha risk of 5%, with two planned sequential tests according to the method of Lan & Demets, and 20% patients lost to follow-up, 342 patients are required, 171 in each arm. The primary outcome will be analyzed according to intention to treat.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT04372147

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H pital Beaujon

Clichy, France
4.22miles
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H pital Sainte Anne

Paris, France
6.55miles
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H pital Lariboisi re

Paris, France
6.66miles
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Fondation Rothschild

Paris, France
7.79miles
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Recruitment Status: Open


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