A Study of Efficacy and Safety of Fruquintinib (HMPL-013) in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

  • End date
    Jul 30, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Hutchison Medipharma Limited
Updated on 30 April 2021
measurable disease
metastatic colorectal cancer
adjuvant therapy
biological therapy
vascular endothelial growth factor
colorectal adenocarcinoma
metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma
microsatellite instability high


This is a global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter phase 3 clinical trial to compare the efficacy and safety of fruquintinib plus best supportive care (BSC) versus placebo plus BSC in patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). 687 subjects will be randomized to one of the following treatment arms in a 2:1 ratio, fruquintinib plus BSC or placebo plus BSC.


This is a global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter phase 3 clinical trial to compare the efficacy and safety of fruquintinib in combination with BSC versus placebo in combination with BSC in advanced colorectal cancer patients who have progressed on, or were intolerant to, chemotherapy, biologics, and TAS-102 or regorafenib. Patients with MSI-H/MMR deficient tumors must have also received an immune checkpoint inhibitor if approved and available and if deemed appropriate. Subjects with BRAF-mutant tumors must have been treated with a BRAF inhibitor if approved and available and if deemed appropriate.

Metastatic colorectal cancer cannot be cured by surgery. Therefore, treatment principals are primarily aimed at controlling disease progression and prolonging survival. Standard firstand second-line therapy includes cytotoxic drugs such as 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan; anti-VEGF therapy; and, if RAS wild type, anti-EGFR therapy. After the first two lines of chemotherapy, standard third-line treatment is either TAS-102 or regorafenib. There are currently no effective treatments for patients who have progressed on standard, approved therapies, and treatment options include reuse of prior therapies, clinical trials or BSC. Consequently, there is an unmet medical need for additional safe and effective treatment.

Condition Metastatic Colorectal Cancer, Metastatic Colon Cancer
Treatment Placebo, Fruquintinib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04322539
SponsorHutchison Medipharma Limited
Last Modified on30 April 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 18 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Metastatic Colorectal Cancer or Metastatic Colon Cancer?
Do you have any of these conditions: Metastatic Colon Cancer or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer?
Do you have any of these conditions: Metastatic Colorectal Cancer or Metastatic Colon Cancer?
Do you have any of these conditions: Metastatic Colon Cancer or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer?
Do you have any of these conditions: Metastatic Colon Cancer or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer?
Do you have any of these conditions: Metastatic Colon Cancer or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer?
Do you have any of these conditions: Metastatic Colorectal Cancer or Metastatic Colon Cancer?
Provide written informed consent
Age 18 years
Histologically and/or cytologically documented metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma. RAS, BRAF, and microsatellite instability microsatellite instability (MSI)/mismatch repair (MMR) status for each patient must be documented, according to country level guidelines
Subjects must have progressed on or been intolerant to treatment with either trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) or regorafenib. Subjects are considered intolerant to TAS-102 or regorafenib if they have received at least 1 dose of either agents and were discontinued from therapy for reasons other than disease progression. Subjects who have been treated with both TAS-102 and regorafenib are permitted. Subjects must also have been previously treated with standard approved therapies: fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, and irinotecan-based chemotherapy, an anti-VEGF biological therapy, and, if RAS wild-type, an anti-EGFR therapy
Subjects with microsatellite-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) tumors must have been treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors if approved and available in the subject's country unless the patient is ineligible for treatment with a checkpoint inhibitor
Subjects who received oxaliplatin in the adjuvant setting and developed metastatic disease during or within 6 months of completing adjuvant therapy are considered eligible without receiving oxaliplatin in the metastatic setting. Subjects who developed metastatic disease more than 6 months after completion of oxaliplatin-containing adjuvant treatment must be treated with oxaliplatin-based therapy in the metastatic setting to be eligible
Body weight 40kg
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
Have measurable disease according to RECIST Version 1.1, assessed locally. Tumors that were treated with radiotherapy are not measurable per RECIST Version 1.1, unless there has been documented progression of those lesions
Expected survival >12 weeks
For female subjects of childbearing potential and male subjects with partners of childbearing potential, agreement to use a highly effective form(s) of contraception, that results in a low failure rate (<1% per year) when used consistently and correctly, starting during the screening period, continuing throughout the entire study period, and for 90 days after taking the last dose of study drug. Such methods include: oral hormonal contraception (combined estrogen/ progestogen, or progestogen-only) associated with inhibition of ovulation, intrauterine device (IUD), intrauterine hormone-releasing system (IUS), bilateral tubal ligation, vasectomized partner, or true sexual abstinence in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Highly effective contraception should always be combined with an additional barrier method (eg, diaphragm, with spermicide). The same criteria are applicable to male subjects involved in this clinical trial if they have a partner of childbirth potential, and male subjects must always use a condom
Subjects with BRAF-mutant tumors must have been treated with a BRAF inhibitor if approved and available in the subject's home country unless the patient is ineligible for treatment with a BRAF inhibitor

Exclusion Criteria

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1.5109/L, platelet count <100109/L, or hemoglobin <9.0 g/dL. Blood transfusion within 1 week prior to enrollment for the purpose of increasing the likelihood of eligibility is not allowed
Serum total bilirubin >1.5 the upper limit of normal (ULN). Patients with Gilbert syndrome, bilirubin <2 X ULN, and normal AST/ALT are eligible
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2.5 ULN in patients without hepatic metastases; ALT or AST >5 ULN in patients with hepatic metastases
Serum creatinine >1.5 ULN or creatinine clearance <60 mL/min. Creatinine clearance can either be measured in a 24-hour urine collection or estimated by the Cockroft-Gault equation
Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as: systolic blood pressure 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure 90 mm Hg despite optimal medical management
Urine dipstick protein 2+ or 24-hour urine protein 1.0 g/24-h. Subjects with greater than 2+ proteinuria by dipstick must undergo a 24-hour urine collection to assess urine protein level
International Normalized Ratio (INR) >1.5 x ULN or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) >1.5 ULN, unless the patient is currently receiving or intended to receive anticoagulants for prophylactic purposes
History of, or active gastric/duodenal ulcer or ulcerative colitis, active hemorrhage of an unresected gastrointestinal tumor, history of perforation or fistulas; or any other condition that could, in the investigator's judgment, result in gastrointestinal hemorrhage or perforation; within the 6 months prior to screening
History or presence of hemorrhage from any other site (eg, hemoptysis or hematemesis) within 2 months prior to screening
History of a thromboembolic event, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), or arterial embolism within 6 months prior to screening
Stroke and/or transient ischemic attack within 12 months prior to screening
Clinically significant cardiovascular disease, including but not limited to acute myocardial infarction or coronary artery bypass surgery within 6 months prior to enrollment, severe or unstable angina pectoris, New York Heart Association Class III/IV congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias requiring treatment, or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% by echocardiogram
Mean corrected QT interval using the Fridericia method (QTcF) >480 msec or any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome, or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age in a first-degree relative
Concomitant medications with a known risk of causing QT prolongation and/or Torsades de Pointes
Systemic anti-neoplastic therapies (except for those described in Exclusion 18) or any investigational therapy within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug, including chemotherapy, radical radiotherapy, hormonotherapy, biotherapy and immunotherapy
Systemic small molecule targeted therapies (eg, tyrosine kinase inhibitors) within 5 half-lives or 4 weeks (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of study drug
Palliative radiotherapy for bone metastasis/lesion within 2 weeks prior to the initiation of study drug
Brachytherapy (i.e., implantation of radioactive seeds) within 60 days prior to the first dose of study drug
Use of strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 within 2 weeks (or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer) before the first dose of study drug
Surgery or invasive procedure (i.e., a procedure that includes a biopsy; central venous catheter placement is allowed) within 60 days prior to the first dose of study drug or unhealed surgical incision
Any unresolved toxicities from a previous antitumor treatment greater than CTCAE v5.0 Grade 1 (except for alopecia or neurotoxicity grade2)
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Known history of active viral hepatitis. For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated. Patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
Clinically uncontrolled active infection requiring IV antibiotics
Tumor invasion of a large vascular structure, eg, pulmonary artery, superior or inferior vena cava
Women who are pregnant or lactating
Brain metastases and/or spinal cord compression untreated with surgery and/or radiotherapy, and without clinical imaging evidence of stable disease for 14 days or longer; patients requiring steroids within 4 weeks prior to start of study treatment are excluded
Other malignancy, except for non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cervical ca or bladder ca (Tis and T1) that have been adequately treated during the 5 years prior to screening
Inability to take medication orally, dysphagia or an active gastric ulcer resulting from previous surgery (eg, gastric bypass) or a severe gastrointestinal disease, or any other condition that investigators believe may affect absorption of the investigational product
Other disease, metabolic disorder, physical examination anomaly, abnormal laboratory result, or any other condition (e.g., current alcohol or drug abuse) that investigators suspect may prohibit use of the investigational product, affect interpretation of study results, or put the patient at undue risk of harm based on the investigator's assessment
Known hypersensitivity to fruquintinib (or placebo) or any of its inactive ingredients including the azo dyes Tartrazine - FD&C Yellow 5 and Sunset yellow FCF - FD&C Yellow 6
Subjects who have received prior fruquintinib
Live vaccine <28days before the first dose of study drug(s). Seasonal vaccines for influenza are generally inactivated vaccines and are allowed. Intranasal vaccines are live vaccines and are not allowed
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