Treatment of Temporomandibular Disorders in Children and Adolsecents

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2024
  • participants needed
    150
  • sponsor
    Karolinska Institutet
Updated on 25 January 2021
osteoarthritis
temporomandibular disorders
myalgia
NSAID
ache
arthralgia
orofacial pain

Summary

Children and adolescents are treated with routine treatment approaches for adults and one of the most commonly used treatments are occlusal appliances. The use of occlusal appliances in managing orofacial pain conditions is supported by evidence, but only for adults. However, the efficacy of the treatment approaches and any possible side-effects/impairment of mandibular growth are absent.

Therefore, the aim of this project is to investigate the effectiveness and possible side-effects of different treatment modalities, such as an occlusal appliance, jaw exercises, NSAID for the conditions myalgia orarthralgia in the orofacial region in children with primary or mixed dentition.

Description

It is well known that the impact of pain in the orofacial region is not only the unpleasant sensory experience but also an emotional experience with feelings of failure, misery, guilt, alienation, and co-morbid depression. TMD is a collective term embracing chronic pain conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint or the masticatory muscles as well as their associated structures. TMD has a prevalence of approximately 10-20% and is 1.5 to 2 times more prevalent in women. It is often associated with restricted mouth opening capacity, pain upon chewing, muscle soreness and headache, thus affecting quality of life considerably although it is not life threatening. The prevalence of reported chronic pain in children and adolescents is high, and similar to the prevalence in adults. The worldwide variation in the prevalence of TMD in children and adolescents ranges from 6% to 69%. Many studies reported that TMD, headache and abdominal pain are the most common chronic pain affecting children and adolescents.

Children and adolescents are treated with routine treatment approaches for adults and one of the most commonly used treatments are occlusal appliances. The use of occlusal appliances in managing orofacial pain conditions is supported by evidence, but only for adults. However, the efficacy of the treatment approaches and any possible side-effects/impairment of mandibular growth are absent. To our knowledge the only two high-quality studies present have investigated adolescents with permanent dentition (12-19 years), but there are no studies in the growing child with primary or mixed dentition (7-14 years). Hence, there is no knowledge if there is an effective treatment and if such a treatment with a resilient occlusal appliance impair the mandibular growth in these children.

Taken together there is immense need for research on treatment of children/adolescents with orofacial pain and following their growth in order to be able to provide effective and safe treatment. Also, to investigate the knowledge-base among care-givers, giving the opportunity to improve the content of the education which in turn would lead to better, faster management of these children/adolescents who actually are our future.

Therefore, the aim of this non-inferiority project is to investigate the effectiveness and possible side-effects of different treatment modalities, such as an occlusal appliance, jaw exercises, NSAID for the conditions myalgia orarthralgia in the orofacial region in children with primary or mixed dentition.

The hypotheses are that: 1) there will be no significant differences in treatment outcome between the use of a soft occlusal appliance and standardized jaw exercises in children with myalgia but that the soft occlusal appliance and the standardized jaw exercises are superior to instructions of self-care; 2) the soft occlusal appliance does not affect the mandibular growth nor the dental eruption pattern; 3) there will be no significant differences in treatment outcome between the use of a soft occlusal appliance, or NSAIDs in children with arthralgia, but that the soft occlusal appliance and the NSAIDs are superior to instructions of self-care.

Details
Condition TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDER, Diet and Nutrition, Chronic Diarrhea, Skin Wounds, Chronic Shoulder Pain, Vaginal Atrophy, Adverse Effects, Drugs, Injection Port, Breast Cancer - HER2 Positive, Muscle Pain, Anal Dysplasia, Primary Immunodeficiency, Pediatric Health, Near-Sighted Corrective Surgery, Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease, Brain Function, Myalgia, Muscle Pain, Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis, Razor Bumps (Pseudofolliculitis Barbae), Temporomandibular Joint Pain, Muscle Soreness, Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, TMJ Pain, Arthralgia of TMJ, muscle pains, muscular pain, pain, muscle, myalgias, temporomandibular disorders, temporomandibular disorder, temporomandibular joint disorders
Treatment Counseling, Soft occlusal appliance, Jaw exercises
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03849534
SponsorKarolinska Institutet
Last Modified on25 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

age 7-14 years
a diagnosis of myalgia or arthralgia according to DC/TMD
self-assessed average TMD pain intensity of 30 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) during one week prior to examination
The patients will remain included with one or several co-diagnoses of
disc displacement with or without reduction according to DC/TMD
degenerative joint disease

Exclusion Criteria

diagnosed systemic muscular or joint diseases (e.g. fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis)
whiplash associated disorder (WAD)
neuropathic pain or neurological disorders (e.g. myasthenia gravis, orofacial dystonia)
history of psychiatric disorders, and 5) pain of dental origin
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note