Severe Pneumonia In Children (S-PIC) Study: A Comparative Effectiveness Study Of Children With Severe Pneumonia In Asia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    2000
  • sponsor
    KK Women's and Children's Hospital
Updated on 6 December 2021
pneumonia
fever
chest pain
dyspnea
steroid therapy
respiratory failure
cough
shortness of breath
hypothermia
pneumonia in children

Summary

Severe pneumonia is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in children worldwide. Mortality rates from pediatric severe pneumonia are three times higher in South East Asia compared to the Western hemisphere. The lack of description of epidemiology, current management strategies and outcomes of children with severe pneumonia admitted to pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in Asia is a barrier to improving pediatric critical care in the region. The lack of a sustainable pediatric critical care network in Asia makes multinational PICU studies challenging.

Through the Pediatric Acute & Critical Care Medicine Asian Network (PACCMAN), the investigators aim to estimate the burden of pediatric patients admitted to Asian PACCMAN PICUs due to severe pneumonia that develop pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. The investigators will characterize etiologies, identify risk factors associated with morbidity and mortality, and develop prognostic prediction models. The investigators hypothesize that there are non-modifiable (e.g., etiological agents) and modifiable risk factors (e.g., steroid therapy and ventilator strategies) that are associated with poor clinical outcomes.

To achieve these aims, the investigators propose a prospective multicenter cohort study over 24 months to recruit 2000 children with severe pneumonia. Pertinent demographic, clinical, microbiological, critical care support and management data will be collected to enable an investigation of the association between risk factors and clinical outcomes in these children. Upon completion of this large observational study, the investigators will have a rich database with detailed information on epidemiology, management strategies and clinical outcomes for severe pneumonia in Asian children.

Description

The Pediatric Acute & Critical Care Medicine Asian Network (PACCMAN) is the first pediatric critical care network in Asia. Through this network and this study, the investigators aim to provide a comprehensive epidemiological description, clinical management and outcomes of critically ill children with severe pneumonia across multiple sites in Asia. Through PACCMAN, the investigators aim to collect clinical data across at least 10 countries on children admitted to PICUs for severe pneumonia. Detailed data on aetiologies (not limited to vaccine-preventable pneumonia), broad age groups (not limited to a specific age group of children), and specific and supportive therapies in the PICU, will allow the investigators to perform comparative analysis of important non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors associated with mortality and functional outcomes in a large cohort of children with severe pneumonia. This sets the stage for multi-center studies to investigate the effectiveness of intensive care therapies on the outcomes of children with severe pneumonia.

The overall aim is to study the epidemiology of severe pneumonia is Asian children and compare the effectiveness of currently employed management strategies (related to invasive mechanical ventilation, adjunct and metabolic support) on clinical outcomes in approximately 2000 children with severe pneumonia admitted to PICUs across at least 10 countries in Asia.

The specific aims of this study are as follows:

Primary Aim: To (1) estimate the percentage of pediatric patients admitted to PACCMAN PICUs due to severe pneumonia; (2) estimate the percentage of pediatric patients admitted to PICUs for severe pneumonia that develop pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) prior to PICU discharge or transfer; (3) estimate the overall and PARDS-specific mortality rates for children admitted for severe pneumonia; (4) characterize/classify etiologies of severe pneumonia according to the WHO criteria.

Secondary Aim 1: Obtain distributions and estimates of 28-day ventilation free days and 28-day PICU free days; estimate the proportion of patients requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Secondary Aim 2: Identify risk factors associated with morbidity and mortality rates in children with severe pneumonia in Asia.

Details
Condition Pulmonary Disease, Upper respiratory infection, Pneumonia, Throat and Tonsil Infections, Pneumonia (Pediatric), Lung Disease, pneumoniae, pneumonitis, lung inflammation
Treatment Data Collection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04265287
SponsorKK Women's and Children's Hospital
Last Modified on6 December 2021

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