Real Time Evaluation of Dynamic Changes of the Lungs During Respiratory Support of VLBW Neonates Using EIT

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 17, 2024
  • participants needed
    72
  • sponsor
    Vilnius University
Updated on 17 October 2021
arterial blood gases
respiratory distress
oximetry
respiratory disorder
assisted ventilation
acute respiratory distress syndrome

Summary

Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) is a lung monitoring technique based on the injection of small currents and voltage measurements using electrodes on the skin surface generating cross-sectional images representing impedance change in a slice of the thorax. It is a real time, radiation free, non-invasive and portable. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a respiratory disorder resulting from immaturity of the lung structure and lack of surfactant. It is one the most common conditions in premature infants. Many of these infants require either invasive or non-invasive respiratory support. The goal of the study is to investigate the dynamic changes in pulmonary aeration during assisted breathing in very low birthweight preterm infants using pulmonary electrical impedance tomography. Currently most widely used methods to assess respiratory lung function are either invasive and/or indirect (ABG, pulse oximetry, transcutaneous pCO2 measurement), lacks temporal resolution (lung ultrasound) or emit ionizing radiation (CT). EIT provides information on regional lung aeration without the aforementioned shortcomings.

Details
Condition premature delivery, preterm birth, Premature, RDS of Prematurity, Very low birth weight infant, Pre-Term, RDS - Infants, preterm delivery, Premature Birth, Respiratory Failure, Prematurity
Treatment Lung electrical impedance tomography monitoring
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04542096
SponsorVilnius University
Last Modified on17 October 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

patients with a pacemaker
patients with skin damage/abrasions at the EIT device belt area
newborns with significant thoracic deformity
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