Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Follicular Fluid and Cumulus-oocyte-complexes in COVID-19 Patients

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 15, 2022
  • participants needed
    20
  • sponsor
    CRG UZ Brussel
Updated on 20 July 2021
computed tomography
angiotensin
covid-19
SARS
testicular
coronavirus infection
intracytoplasmic sperm injection
oocyte retrieval
target cells

Summary

Recently, the world was shaken awake by a pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2). In most nations drastic isolation measures were taken to minimize the further spread of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Being the first pandemic sparked by a Coronavirus, little was known on COVID-19 and its implications on general health. Our understanding on the virus and its potential effects on health is growing. In Belgium, the situation is stabilizing, and doctors and healthcare workers are slowly recommencing routine work and consultations. As also fertility treatments were abruptly interrupted, many patients are in need to resume their treatment. The limited evidence of SARS-CoV-2 on pregnancy seems to be rather satisfying1, but practically nothing is known about the possible impact of an active SARS-CoV-2 infection on female gametes. Viral transmission occurs predominantly through respiratory droplets, but transmission to gametes cannot be ruled out.

Since the onset of the pandemic, knowledge about the molecular details of SARS-CoV-2 infection rapidly grew. Coronaviruses are enveloped RNA viruses. For a virus to deliver their genome into the host cell, attachment and entrance into that cell is a crucial step. The coronavirus surface protein spike (S) mediates entry into target cells by binding to a cellular receptor and subsequent fusing of the viral envelope with a host cell membrane. The SARS-CoV-2-S protein (SARS-S) utilizes angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as a receptor for host cell entry. Host proteases such as transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) are then needed to cleave the viral S protein, allow-ing permanent fusion of the viral and host cell membranes2. Expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 has been shown in testicular, uterine and placental cells. Based on available transcriptomic data, co-expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 is also seen on oocyte level, but the possible impact on reproduction is unknown. The BSG (basigin or CD147), a receptor on host cells, was also identified as a possible route for viral invasion.

Details
Condition assisted reproductive technology, Female Genital Diseases, Infertility, In Vitro Fertilization, Gynecological Infections, COVID-19, COVID-19, Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), COVID-19, COVID-19, Pathogen Infection Covid-19 Infection, *Corona Virus Infection, *COVID-19 Infection, Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19), COVID-19, COVID-19, Treat and Prevent Covid-19 Infection, COVID-19, COVID-19 Infection, *COVID-19, COVID-19, Covid-19, COVID-19, COVID-19 Pneumonia, COVID-19, COVID-19, COVID-19, Covid-19, Pathogen Infection Covid-19 Infection, COVID-19, COVID-19, COVID-19, Use of Stem Cells for COVID-19 Treatment, COVID-19, COVID-19, Hospitalized Patients With Covid-19 Pneumonia, Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19), COVID-19 Pneumonia, COVID-19; Cardiovascular Diseases, Community-acquired Pneumonia, Influenza, COVID-19, Old Age, Usability, Visio Telephony, Confinement, Covid-19, COVID-19 Pneumonia, COVID-19 Pneumonia, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by COVID-19, COVID-19 Pneumonia, Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19), Old Age, Usability, Visio Telephony, Confinement, Covid-19, SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Infection, COVID-19 Pneumonia, Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19), COVID-19 Pneumonia, Severe Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by COVID-19, COVID-19 Pneumonia, COVID-19, Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate, SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Infection, COVID-19 Pneumonia, COVID-19, Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate, Anxiety Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by COVID-19, Severe Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), COVID-19 Pneumonia, *COVID-19 Infection, Severe Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), COVID-19 by SARS-CoV-2 Infection, assisted reproductive technologies, sterility, unable to conceive
Treatment Blood sample
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04425317
SponsorCRG UZ Brussel
Last Modified on20 July 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Female
Undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment
Planned for an oocyte retrieval
PCR positive of SARS-CoV-2 or high suspicion for COVID 19 based on CT scan
Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

None
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