Focal Radiotherapy Plus Low Dose Craniospinal Irradiation Followed by Adjuvant Chemotherapy in WNT Medulloblastoma.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 13, 2030
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    Tata Memorial Centre
Updated on 13 October 2021

Summary

This clinical study is going to be done on a type of brain tumor in children called Medulloblastoma. The WNT pathway type of medulloblastoma is considered to be low risk and have the best outcomes in terms of survival. With the current standard of care for this type of medulloblastoma it is believed by the investigators that we are over treating the disease and increasing the long term side effects of these children. Several groups in the world are testing de-intensification of treatment in this favourable subset of children who experience long term late side effects of therapy. By reducing the dose to the craniospinal axis and keeping the total tumor bed dose the same in this study the investigators are expecting to reduce some of the late side effects of craniospinal irradiation without compromising disease control and survival.

Description

WNT pathway medulloblastomas have the best prognosis amongst all four subgroups with 5-year overall survival exceeding 90%. Overall medulloblastoma is more common in males. They can occur at all ages, but, are uncommon in infants. They are mostly uniform in their genetic aberrations, histological pattern, and clinical presentation. The WNT pathway is involved in regulating embryonal development in the brain. They are frequently described as having CTNNB1 mutations, nuclear immunohistochemical staining for -catenin, and monosomy six (deletion of one copy of chromosome 6 in the tumor). Thus monosomy 6 in conjunction with nuclear -catenin accumulation is considered a sensitive and specific marker for WNT pathway medulloblastoma they are typically located in the midline vermian region filling up the fourth ventricle and infiltrating the brain stem consistent with their proposed cell of origin from the dorsal brainstem nuclei. The immediate impact of enhanced understanding of molecular biology has led to biologically driven next-generation clinical trials in newly diagnosed medulloblastoma. Given the excellent long-term survival outcomes in WNT-pathway medulloblastoma and potential for significant late toxicities with currently prevalent doses of CSI (23.4-36Gy), it has been hypothesized that further reduction of dose or in certain cases avoidance of CSI would translate into reduction in late morbidity of treatment.

In our first generation FOR-WNT study, the investigators had avoided upfront CSI and treated the tumor-bed alone with focal conformal radiotherapy in low-risk WNT-pathway medulloblastoma followed by 6-cycles of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy. However, early experience from our own study and similar results from another study (primary chemotherapy approach completely avoiding radiotherapy) suggests an unduly increased risk of relapse - spinal leptomeningeal or supratentorial if CSI is avoided and local recurrence at primary site too if radiation is completely avoided. Given the excellent long-term survival outcomes in WNT-pathway medulloblastoma treated with currently prevalent doses of CSI (23.4-36Gy), presence of significant late toxicities with such doses, but the increased risk of relapse with avoidance of CSI and/or local irradiation, the investigators hypothesize that further moderate reduction of CSI dose to 18Gy/10fx keeping the primary-site dose to 54Gy/30fx would translate into a meaningful reduction in late morbidity of treatment without compromising disease control or survival. Thus, the investigators herewith propose the second-generation study (FOR-WNT 2) to include low-dose CSI (18Gy/10fx) plus tumor-bed boost (36Gy/20fx) for a total primary site dose of 54Gy/30fx without concurrent chemotherapy followed by standard 6-cycles of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy.

Details
Condition Medulloblastoma, WNT-activated
Treatment Low dose Craniospinal Irradiation plus Focal Radiotherapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04474964
SponsorTata Memorial Centre
Last Modified on13 October 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age more than 3 years and less than 16 years
Newly diagnosed WNT pathway medulloblastoma
Post-surgery residual disease less than 1.5 cm2 on post-operative MRI brain
No evidence of metastatic disease in the brain, spine or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) assessed by MRI of the brain/spine and lumbar puncture for CSF cytology
Fit for initiation of adjuvant treatment within 6-weeks of surgery

Exclusion Criteria

Age Less than 3 and more than 16 years
Molecular subgroup other than WNT pathway
Post-surgery residual disease more than 1.5cm2 on post-operative imaging
Evidence of any metastatic disease in the brain, spine or CSF
Previous history of radiotherapy or chemotherapy prior to study enrollment
Not fit for initiation of adjuvant treatment within 6 weeks of surgery
Not willing for consent/assent
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