Anesthesiologic Management Effect on Perioperative Outcome in Scoliosis Surgery (SCOL)

  • End date
    Jan 1, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Brno University Hospital
Updated on 8 April 2023


Alteration of evoked potentials is described in cases with using inhalation anaesthetics. Muscle relaxants are contraindicated in case of motor evoked potentials except for initial dose for intubation of the patient. Dominant anaesthetic method for procedures with measuring motor evoked potentials is total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA). Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring is one of the possible options for comprehensive monitoring of the depth of general anaesthesia. It helps to optimize the management of anaesthesia, so it reduces the risk of perioperative awakenings due to shallow anaesthesia or inadequate depth of anaesthesia associated with the risk of cognitive dysfunction, as well as investigators expect worse interpretation of motor evoked potentials. At the same time, it shortens the time to wake up from general anaesthesia after hours-long surgery. BIS monitoring allows optimizing the depth of anaesthesia and leads to improve quality and interpretation of motor evoked potentials. The depth of TIVA managed by BIS affects the reproducibility of motor evoked potentials.


SCOL study is designed as a prospective observational study. We will monitor patients with scoliosis suitable for TIVA with BIS monitoring after the approval by the ethical committee of the University Hospital Brno and the Faculty of Medicine of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic. The study period is planned from 1st September 2020 to 31st December 2024. Anaesthesia will be maintained following standardized local protocol for scoliosis surgery, include preoperative preparation and premedication. General anaesthesia will be performed in TIVA mode,combining propofol and remifentanil with titration to the target BIS value. Motor evoked potentials will be measured and evaluated by members of operating team perioperatively. The evocation of reproducible motor evoked potential and the actual value of amplitude and latency at different BIS levels (40 - 60) will be monitored. Motor evoked potentials (MEP) reproducibility will be based on standardized orthopaedic practice, according to the amplitude, latency of the MEP. The reproducibility will be monitored in defined surgery phases: before skin incision at the different BIS levels, next after screw application, rod applications, after distraction and the last one before wound suturing. At the same time, the BIS value is recorded.

In addition to the MEP reproducibility, investigators will measure the amplitude and latency value. These parameters and actual BIS value will be monitored in each patient after the recovery from neuromuscular blockade (TOF ratio value above 90%) to eliminate the influence of neuromuscular blockade on neurophysiology monitoring. Due to individual variability in the MEP latency and amplitude in these patients, the initial MEP value will be set as the default (100%), and other values will be expressed as a percentage.

Other monitored parameters in this study will be blood loss, blood derivates and transfusion products administered to the patient in first 24 hours after surgery, the time between the end of the surgery and extubation, neurological complications, number of surgical revisions and a total length of hospitalization.

The annual number of scoliosis operations at the University hospital Brno is around 130 patients. It is the largest surgery centre in Central Europe.

Condition Scoliosis
Treatment The evocation of reproducible motor evoked potential according to the different BIS levels
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04423146
SponsorBrno University Hospital
Last Modified on8 April 2023


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients indicated for scoliosis surgery with perioperative MEP monitoring

Exclusion Criteria

Scoliosis surgery without perioperative MEP monitoring
Contraindication for perioperative MEP monitoring
Contraindication of using propofol (soy, egg lecithin or peanuts allergy,...) or other drugs used for anaesthesia
The inability of attachment of BIS electrodes to the standard position
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