Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) Transplant

  • End date
    Mar 26, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Omar Aljitawi
Updated on 26 May 2022
chronic myeloid leukemia
graft versus host disease
myeloid leukemia
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
ejection fraction
cell transplantation
myelomonocytic leukemia


The purpose of this study is to determine if hyperbaric oxygen therapy is safe in the setting of stem cell transplantation. This study will also determine if hyperbaric oxygen therapy improves engraftment, graft versus host disease, neutrophil count, and incidence and severity of mucositis (inflammation of the mouth or gut) and infection. This study has two cohorts. The first cohort is subjects with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS). The second cohort is subjects with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML), chronic monocytic leukemia, chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL), myelofibrosis, and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative (MDS/MPN) overlap syndrome. The first cohort has completed the recruitment so only the second cohort will be recruited.

Condition Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia, Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Monocytic Leukemia, Myelofibrosis, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm
Treatment Hyperbaric oxygen
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03964506
SponsorOmar Aljitawi
Last Modified on26 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Voluntary written informed consent
Men or women, age ≥ 18 years of age, with upper limit of 75 years old
Subjects with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) for cohort 1
Subjects with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML), CML, chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL), myelofibrosis, and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative (MDS/MPN) overlap syndrome for cohort 2
Karnofsky performance status (KPS) of ≥ 70%
Patients should have New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification, Class I (ordinary physical activity does not cause undue fatigue, palpitation, dyspnea, or anginal pain) or Class II (ordinary physical activity results in fatigue, palpitation, dyspnea, or anginal pain)
Adequate hepatic, renal, cardiac and pulmonary function to be eligible for transplant. Minimum criteria include: Hepatic: ALT, AST < 4x IULN and serum total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL; Renal: serum creatinine: ≤ 2.0 mg/dL; Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 45% measured by 2D-ECHO or MUGA scan; EKG with no clinically significant arrhythmia; FEV1, FVC and DLCO ≥ 50% of predicted value (corrected to serum hemoglobin)
Women of child-bearing potential and men with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 30 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman or partner become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician and the investigator immediately
A woman of child-bearing potential is any female (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
Women of child-bearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 4 weeks of starting preparative regimen

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnant or breastfeeding
Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring oxygen supplementation
History of spontaneous pneumothorax, prior chest surgery requiring thoracotomy or direct chest irradiation to the lungs
Evidence of pneumothorax or significant pulmonary fibrosis on chest imaging within 60 days of transplant
Active malignancy excluding AML, MDS, CMML, aCML CML, CNL, MF and MDS/MPN overlap syndrome
Active ear/sinus infection. Patients with chronic sinusitis or sinus headaches are excluded unless cleared by ear, nose, and throat specialist
Recent sinus surgery (within the last 5 years)
Ear surgery excluding myringotomy or ear tubes
Subjects must agree to refrain from active tobacco or e-cigarette use 72 hours prior to transplant until complete transplant recovery. Nicotine replacement therapy is allowed
History of recurrent seizures within 5 years of study enrollment
Uncontrolled asthma
Uncontrolled viral or bacterial infection at the time of study enrollment
Active or recent (prior 6 months) invasive fungal infection without interdisciplinary (ID) consult and approval
Patients who had intrathecal chemotherapy within 2 weeks of starting preparative regimen or cranial irradiation within 4 weeks of starting preparative regimen
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