NSCLC Isotoxic Hypofractionated Chemoradiotherapy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 1, 2026
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Updated on 25 January 2021
chemoradiotherapy
docetaxel
stereotactic body radiation therapy
cancer chemotherapy
lung carcinoma

Summary

Radiotherapy plays an important role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and concurrent chemoradiation is considered to be the standard treatment for locally advanced NSCLC. However, due to the patient's physical condition, comorbidities and other reasons, only about 1/3 of patients can receive concurrent chemoradiation. Radiotherapy alone or sequential chemoradiation has become the treatment protocol for most patients. Hypofractionated radiotherapy can be used in NSCLC because it can shorten the over treatment time and may potentially reduce the effect of accelerated repopulation and obtain higher biological effective doseBED. So far, the vast majority of radiotherapy prescriptions have given a uniform dose of 60 Gy. This unified prescription dosage approach is completely inconsistent with the concept of precision treatment. The Netherlands MAASTRO put forward the concept of in silico radiotherapy prescription, that is: the normal tissue limits are uniform, such as: V20% 30%, spinal cord V0> 45Gy, etc., and each patient receives a different dose of radiation therapy. This radiation prescription could reach the limits of the normal tissue of every patient; if no one tissue limits were reached, the highest dose was set up to 79.2 Gy (1.8 Gy, BID). MAASTRO applied this "iso-toxic" radiotherapy prescription and used accelerated hyperfractionation technology so that each patient received the maximum individualized radiation dose as possible. We will integrate this concept with hypofractionated radiotherapy in order to further improve efficacy.

Description

Radiotherapy plays an important role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and concurrent chemoradiation is considered to be the standard treatment for locally advanced NSCLC. However, due to the patient's physical condition, comorbidities and other reasons, only about 1/3 of patients can receive concurrent chemoradiation. Radiotherapy alone or sequential chemoradiation has become the treatment protocol for most patients. Hypofractionated radiotherapy can be used in NSCLC because it can shorten the total treatment time and may potentially reduce the effect of accelerated repopulation and obtain higher BED. So far, the vast majority of radiotherapy prescriptions have given a uniform dose of radiotherapy to all patients, regardless of individual factors such as tumor size, location, and adjacent vital organs, which may cause two consequences: First, small-volume tumors may, not receive enough radiation dose, resulting in a decrease in local control rate. Second, for large volumes of tumors or tumors adjacent to vital organs, even the "so-called" standard dose (60 Gy) may cause serious damage to normal tissues. This unified prescription dosage approach is completely inconsistent with the concept of precision treatment. The Netherlands MAASTRO put forward the concept of in silico radiotherapy prescription, that is: the normal tissue limits are uniform, such as: V20% 30%, spinal cord V0> 45Gy, etc., and each patient receives a different dose of radiation therapy.This radiation prescription could reach the limits of the normal tissue of every patient; if no one tissue limits were reached, the highest dose was set up to 79.2 Gy (1.8 Gy, BID). MAASTRO applied this "iso-toxic" radiotherapy prescription and used accelerated hyperfractionation technology so that each patient received the maximum individualized radiation dose as possible.From the model study to the long-term survival results, a series of encouraging results were achieved. The use of an individualized radiotherapy prescription based on iso-toxicity for the treatment of NSCLC in large-segment radiotherapy is expected to achieve: 1. For patients with small tumor volumes and no adjacent to vital organs, a higher radiation dose is given under safe conditions. 2. For patients with larger volumes of tumors or adjacent to vital organs, give safer doses.

Details
Condition Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Treatment isotoxic hypofractionated group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03606239
SponsorThe Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University
Last Modified on25 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Pathological or cytological diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer patients, the clinical stage using the eighth edition of American Joint Committee on CancerAJCC, including stage III without resectable or who when SBRT/SABR are not suitable
Age 18 years 75 years
The expected survival period is 3 months
Karnofsky performance status KPS score 60
Normal blood account , liver and kidney function
Forced expiratory volume in 1 second of 0.75 L or greater

Exclusion Criteria

Serious medical problems require hospitalization, include (but not limited to ): history of pulmonary fibrosis, previous myocardial infarction within 6 months, heart failure grade II and above, uncontrolled heart failure, uncontrolled chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD, uncontrolled diabetes .et al
Esophageal invasion (cT4)
Others are not suitable for receiving radiotherapy and chemotherapy
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