Our Family Our Future: A Resilience-oriented Family Intervention to Prevent Adolescent HIV/STI Infection and Depression in South Africa

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Brown University
Updated on 21 September 2023
depressive disorder
depressive symptoms
depressed mood
HIV Vaccine


The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of Our Family Our Future, an integrated intervention for preventing HIV and depression onset among adolescents.


Adolescent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and depression present significant public health challenges for South Africa, a country with the largest HIV epidemic globally and where structural factors including violence and poverty increase susceptibility for poor mental health. In families already experiencing psychological distress, adolescents face elevated risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV and depression. Preventive interventions are urgently needed during adolescence when risks for HIV, STIs, and depression in-crease exponentially. Preventive intervention strategies for adolescents should substantively involve families who can tailor prevention content to meet the unique needs of individual adolescents and reinforce formation and habituation of prevention behaviors. Moreover, evidence indicates common family risk and protective factors for adolescent HIV/STI risk behaviors and depression, underscoring the need for a family prevention approach. However, key gaps exist in family prevention science. In South Africa, few empirically supported family interventions integrate prevention of HIV/STI with depression for adolescents. This intervention (called Our Family Our Future) uses a resilience-oriented approach engages families in adolescent prevention from low-resource settings facing high adversity. The study will focus on adolescents (14-16 years) who are at an ideal developmental transition for family engagement in prevention. The age- and developmentally-tailored intervention - called Our Family Our Future - is based off of two empirically supported interventions that have been integrated and adapted to South Africa. In a pilot randomized trial, Our Family Our Future exhibited outstanding acceptability, feasibility and promising direction of effects including reductions of depressive symptoms; lower rates of sex; decreased unprotected sex; increased HIV testing; increased knowledge, motivation, intentions and self-efficacy for protective HIV/STI behaviors; improved family interactions; and increased resilience. Now investigators propose the next phase of this research program, an efficacy study of Our Family Our Future with three aims: (1) test the efficacy of the Our Family Our Future intervention in preventing HIV/STI acquisition among adolescents (14-16) with depressive symptoms by reducing HIV/STI risk behavior, and reducing depressive symptoms. The project will randomize N=880 adolescents to Our Family Our Future intervention or usual care with 6- and 12-month outcome assessments; (2) examine the extent to which the impact of the Our Family Our Future intervention is a) mediated by changes in resilience; behavioral skills; norms and attitudes relating to sex, condom use, gender; and family communication and functioning and b) moderated by the effect of sociodemographics, family HIV, and social protections; (3) identify barriers and facilitators to implementing Our Family Our Future within a large community-based organization setting with wide reach to provide data for future dissemination and scale-up.

Condition miserable, Depressed, HIV Infections, sexually transmitted disease, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV (Pediatric), HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), hiv disease, depressive disorder, depressed mood, Depression (Treatment-Resistant), HIV infection, Endogenous depression, Viral Infections, Depression (Major/Severe), Depression (Adult and Geriatric), sexually transmitted diseases, Depression (Pediatric), Viral infection, Female Genital Diseases, Depression (Adolescent), depressive disorders, sexually transmitted infections, Sexually Transmitted Infection, HIV, Depression, Venereal disease, Gynecological Infections
Treatment Our Family Our Future
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03231358
SponsorBrown University
Last Modified on21 September 2023

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